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Central American integration through infrastructure development

A case study of Costa Rican hydropower

Denielle M. Perry and Kate A. Berry

production ( Hira, 2003 ). Moreover, without reliable electrical infrastructure, industrial demands for other infrastructure are greatly reduced. This article examines the development of integrated infrastructure for electricity within the framework of

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The Mahapach and Yitzhak Shamir's Quiet Revolution

Mizrahim and the Herut Movement

Uri Cohen and Nissim Leon

In this article we assert that it was Yitzhak Shamir who created new possibilities for mobility within the Herut party, laying the foundation for the Mahapach (electoral upheaval) of 1977. The contrast between Shamir, who avoided the limelight, and Menachem Begin, who was comfortable with the masses, has left Shamir on the sidelines of the research, debate, and discourse on the Herut and Likud parties. Rather than taking the usual approach of focusing on Begin, we highlight Shamir's role in devising and consolidating the new model for the division of power within Herut, making possible the involvement of political forces that had previously been inactive in the party's institutions. Shamir's approach toward integration, which benefited mainly Mizrahim, allowed Herut to remake itself internally. It was this reworked infrastructure, we believe, that brought about the dramatic electoral results of May 1977.

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Health, Fiscal Federalism, and Local Public Services

Massimo Bordignon and Gilberto Turati

In respect of fiscal decentralization, the year 2007, and more generally

the Parliament, saw some progress, above all in relation to the regulation

of intergovernmental pacts, legislative proposals, and the institutional

relationship between different levels of government. There

were also some failures, particularly with regard to the continual intervention

by the central government in the matter of local taxes. The

year also saw the emergence of substantial problems in relation to

local debt. These had been on the increase in recent years, partly as

a consequence of the introduction of new financial instruments and

partly because of explosive growth in some areas of local expenditure,

notably in the health sector. The central government tackled some

of these problems effectively—for example, those in areas affected

by the new norms on infrastructure and the Health Pact—while its

approach toward others was ineffectual. In general, the difficulties and

internal contradictions of the parliamentary majority constrained its

legislative capacity, opening up the possibility that its more innovative

proposals—in particular, those relating to the constitutional reform of

2001—would not be implemented.

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Civic Awareness and Associations in Israel’s Underprivileged Sectors in the 1950s–1960s

Paula Kabalo

infrastructure and the poor quality of services in their neighborhood, or issues related to ownership of properties, the status of unlicensed buildings, and residents’ right to remain in neighborhoods that were slated for redevelopment. Between the lines, the

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The Occupation after 51 Years

Ian S. Lustick

the army. These arguments mirrored the explicit pride taken by Likud governments in the immensity of their investment in infrastructure for West Bank settlements and the vast range of subsidies they provided for apartment leasing and home building in

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Children Born of War

A European Research Network Exploring the Life Histories of a Hidden Population

Kimberley Anderson and Sophie Roupetz

specific research expertise and infrastructure of coordinating partners and combining this with the individual expertise of all research participants in order to advance the reach of this topic. Preliminary results confirm the silence on this topic, and the

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Rebranding Desolation

The Allure of Israel’s Desert Landscapes

Amelia Rosenberg Weinreb

infrastructure and limited social and educational services, as they awaited more permanent housing and employment. It was the ma’abarot that eventually became sites for development towns ( Tzfadia 2006 ; Tzfadia and Yacobi 2011 ). Although the ma’abarot did

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Israel's Ground Forces in the Occupied Territories

Policing and the Juridification of Soldiering

Eyal Ben-Ari and Uzi Ben-Shalom

linked to state-building activities such as restoring infrastructure, ensuring day-to-day security, and constructing legal and financial institutions. This is not a leading ‘logic of action’ for the IDF's ground units, but they do cooperate with

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Hebrew Dystopias

From National Catastrophes to Ecological Disasters

Netta Bar Yosef-Paz

injustice. Lastly, as in Bet Levi’s Imagine a Mountain , the dystopias by Burstein and Sarid relate Zionist myths to the treatment of the Land of Israel. What differentiates their texts from that novel is their rich biblical infrastructure, which further

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On, In, and Within a Place

Six Modes of Operation in Israeli Conceptual Art and Landscape Architecture in the 1970s

Efrat Hildesheim, Tal Alon-Mozes, and Eran Neuman

Berkeley or at the University of Pennsylvania). Upon returning, they established new firms and became involved in the lively postwar scene of landscape architecture. 4 In addition to housing, landscape planning, infrastructures, and landscape urbanism