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Les rites d'âshurâ dans un village de l'Iran contemporain

Révélateur privilégié d'un monde rural en mutation

Anne-Sophie Vivier-Muresan

This article aims to analyse the evolution of âshurâ Shi’ite rituals in an Iranian village, in light of the socio-economic transformations of the last thirty years. Studying these rites as a fait social total, we show that they reflect many aspects of local life. Thus, the increasing dependence of the village on the urban regional centre, the reorganisation of the ties between neighbouring but antagonistic localities, the decreasing status of the great landowners and the increasing social homogenisation, the development of rural exodus and recent national history (the Iran-Iraq war, the establishment of the Islamic Republic and the development of religious reformism) – all have had an influence on the organisation of âshurâ ceremonies. The many functions of this ritual appear then more clearly, manifesting the manner of regional integration, reaffirming internal hierarchies and communal identity, and showing the ever-increasing dependence on the urban world.

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The Other House

The Secondary Residence in Postwar France

Sarah Farmer

expansion. Others, children of the rural exodus who had prospered, could now choose to hold onto an inherited house in the country as a place for vacation. In 1946, France’s National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) had coined the term

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The Office de la Famille Française

Familialism and the National Revolution in 1940s Morocco

Margaret Cook Andersen

included a marriage loan in the Code de la Famille. However, unlike what would be introduced in Morocco four years later, the metropolitan version was exclusively for agricultural workers. It was intended to halt the rural exodus by dissuading young people

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Conditional Freedom

A Portrait of Young Men's Sense of Belonging to the Street in Maputo, Mozambique

Andrea Moreira

deteriorated as people became squeezed between escalating prices and reduced living space due to the rural exodus provoked by the war. It was in this context of destruction that the country witnessed a substantial presence of children and youth living on the

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State of Uncertainty

Educating the First Railroaders in Central Sakha (Yakutiya)

Sigrid Irene Wentzel

home after graduation, 77 despite diminished economic prospects in rural areas and a tendency toward rural exodus. 78 Moreover, there was a preference for work in familiar sectors over a career on the railroad. 79 The teachers, as well as the college

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The Changing Portrayal of Dancers in Egyptian Films

Three Roles in the Career of Tahia Carioca (1946, 1958 and 1972)

Carolina Bracco

artisans) that the economic boom after the Second World War had contributed to create. After a massive rural exodus, the population in Cairo increased 60 per cent in just 10 years and passed from 1.3 million inhabitants in 1937 to 2.1 million in 1947