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Regional integration from “below” in West Africa

A study of transboundary town-twinning of Idiroko (Nigeria) and Igolo (Benin)

Olukayode A. Faleye

already urbanized areas characterized by circular migration from rural exodus to urban exodus gained momentum since 1980 due to the onset of economic crisis in the region ( Potts, 2012 ). This trend of urbanization has undermined the colonially determined