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Sustainable Development as a Goal

Social, Environmental and Economic Dimensions

Vera Mignaqui

Scholars are researching how to assess a country's sustainable development performance. However, not many proposals differentiate the performance via the three dimensions of sustainable development: social, economic and environmental. This article proposes to assess a country's sustainable development performance in general as well as in each of the dimensions. It pursues three objectives: (1) identifying sustainably developed countries; (2) assessing the best performers in terms of sustainable development; and (3) understanding the relations between the dimensions. Results show a globally bad sustainable development performance, with no sustainably developed countries. They also show that the economic dimension is not the best performing dimension at a global level and that very high levels of gross national income (GNI) per capita usually imply a bad environmental performance.

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Promoting participative policy coherence for sustainable development

Inclusive dialogue through the “pull-push-match” methodology

Harlan Koff, Mariana Villada Canela, Carmen Maganda, Octavio Pérez-Maqueo, Ma. Xóchitl Molina González, Jesús Arturo González Herrera, Diego Porras, Sherie Rae Simms, Oscar Sotelo, María del Rosario Morales Ramírez, María del Socorro Aguilar Cucurachi, Maria del Socorro Lara-López, Julia Ros-Cuéllar, Antony Challenger, and Rafael Aguilar Orea

Since the establishment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, governments throughout the world committed to pursuing transformative development defined as providing for the needs of local populations while addressing power

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Pursuing sustainable development from below

Harlan Koff and Carmen Maganda

June 5 is World Environment Day, also known as Eco-day. It is an environmental awareness day run by the United Nations (UN). Of course, the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, also run by the UN, now dominates our discussions of sustainability in

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Human rights-based service delivery

Assessing the role of national human rights institutions in democracy and development in Ghana and Uganda

Richard Iroanya, Patrick Dzimiri, and Edith Phaswana

ratification at the World Conference on Human Rights in 1993 ( UN, 1995, p. 4 ). The essence of establishing NHRIs is to promote and protect human rights as a means of consolidating democratic governance and achieving sustainable development. Therefore, in

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Sustainability Metamorphosis

An Inconvenient Change

Erland Mårald and Janina Priebe

. The “environmental awakening” in the 1960s led to opinions and laws about saving humanity and nature ( Warde et al. 2018 ). In the 1980s, environmentalism had grown up and become content with the idea of sustainable development compartmentalized into

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The Contribution of BRICS to the Quality of Global Development

Marco Ricceri

plan, to realize their main objective in the context of the institutional framework established by the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations ( UN 2015 )? The quality of this development will be discussed in the sections on the

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Policy innovation through local, sustainable development evaluation

Harlan Koff, Citlalli Alheli González H., Edith Kauffer, and Carmen Maganda

se but a recognition of the challenges preventing ambitious biodiversity conservation plans from being fully implemented. In fact, implementation mechanisms are key components of successful sustainable development strategies. Monitoring and

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Development, Well-being and Perceptions of the ‘Expert’ in Ladakh, North-West India

Andrea Butcher

Ladakh as the quintessential model of cultural preservation and sustainable development due to its majority Buddhist demographic, with lessons that the rest of the world would do well to learn (e.g. Norberg-Hodge 1991 ). Development authorities in Ladakh

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Social cohesion beyond borders

Does management of mining resources promote social cohesion and regional integration? Lessons from Canada and Mexico

Angeles Mendoza Sammet

English abstract: This contribution analyzes whether the transboundary use of mineral resources by Canadian companies contributes to local and regional cohesion. The analysis is based on documental reviews, a field visit, and conversations with stakeholders of Canadian mining projects in Mexico. The results strongly suggest that, despite the bene fits that are advertised in the discourses of the Canadian and Mexican governments, this economic relationship is not fostering social cohesion as would be expected. Rather than helping dispossessed sectors of Mexican society satisfy their basic needs, the lack of social responsibility on the part of national governments and some transnational mining companies is generating numerous environmental and social impacts and is resulting in violations of human and indigenous people's rights. This situation, however, is fostering social cohesion through shared values among dispossessed communities in Mexico, and between them and various civic, human rights, and environmental organizations in Canada.

Spanish abstract: Esta contribución analiza de qué forma el desarrollo de recursos mineros en México por empresas canadienses influye en la cohesión social local y regionalmente. El análisis se basa en revisión documental, visitas de campo y conversaciones con informantes clave. Los resultados fuertemente sugieren que esta relación comercial no está contribuyendo a mejorar la cohesión social como sería de esperarse si la minería contribuyera al desarrollo sustentable según lo promocionan los gobiernos de México y Canadá. En vez de contribuir a reducir la pobreza, se han generado diversos impactos sociales y ambientales debido a la falta de responsabilidad social que prevalece en el sector minero. Estos incluyen violaciones de derechos humanos y gentes indígenas. Sin embargo, estas consecuencias negativas están favoreciendo la cohesión social entre las comunidades afectadas por la minería en México y las organizaciones civiles en Canadá que están ejerciendo presión en Canadá para que haya cambios en el sistema político y legal para asegurar que las empresas canadienses operen de manera social y ambientalmente responsable.

French abstract: Ce e contribution entend voir de quelle manière l'utilisation transfrontalière des ressources minérales par des entreprises canadiennes contribuent à la cohésion locale et régionale. L'analyse se fonde sur l'examen des documents, une visite sur le terrain, et les interviews menées avec les parties prenantes des projets miniers canadiens au Mexique. Les résultats suggèrent fortement que, malgré les avantages formulés dans le discours des gouvernements canadien et mexicain, ce e relation économique ne conduit pas à la cohésion sociale comme on pourrait s'y attendre. Plutôt que d'aider les secteurs déshérités de la société mexicaine à satisfaire leurs besoins de base, le manque de responsabilité sociale de la part des deux gouvernements nationaux et certaines entreprises minières transnationales produit de nombreux impacts environnementaux et sociaux qui se traduisent par des violations des droits de l'homme des peuples indigènes. Ce e situation, cependant, favorise la cohésion sociale à travers des valeurs partagées entre les communautés dépossédées au Mexique, et entre eux et diff érentes organisations civiles défenseurs des droits de l'homme et environnementaux au Canada.

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The importance of effective partnerships for sustainable development

The following question was asked during the 2017 International Conference of the Consortium for Comparative Research on Regional Integration and Social Cohesion (RISC) on “Integrated and Coherent Sustainable Development”: “If forced to choose