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The South Side of Heaven

A Journey along the Iranian Collective Memory in Iran-Iraq War Memorial Sites

Younes Saramifar

); instead, it is seeing through an opacity that some strands of anthropology drenched in epistemological thinking and social constructionism have long avoided. My photo essay narrates how the Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988) is commemorated every year in the

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Facing the Future

The Artistic and Diasporic Afterlife of the Iran-Iraq War

Roxanne Varzi

How do the cultural and emotional after-effects of the Iran-Iraq War influence artistic production among Iranian artists living outside of Iran? How do Iranian diaspora self-portraits act as socio-political memoirs? This article addresses these questions by looking at some examples of diaspora artists who through their art somehow remain political 'subjects' of contemporary Iran, even as they grapple with the complexities of 'being away' - if that is ever really possible.

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Mary Elaine Hegland and Magdalena Rodziewicz

Publications Mateo Mohammad Farzaneh , Iranian Women and Gender in the Iran–Iraq War (New York: Syracuse University Press, 2021), 457 pp. Outsiders have heard little about women's participation in the horrific Iraq-Iran War of 1980 to 1988

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“Welcome to Divinity College”

Subjectification in Pilgrimage to the Iran-Iraq War Battlefields in Contemporary Iran

Mahshid Zandi

“ Be danshegah-e Ilahiat khosh amadid ” 1 (Welcome to Divinity College), reads a welcome sign on the state-sponsored fieldtrips to the Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988) battlefields in Iran, known as Rahian-e Noor (travelers of the light; henceforth RN

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Rematerializing Martyrs and the Missing Soldiers of the Iran-Iraq War

Sana Chavoshian

arrangement of the ‘martyr-cult’ in the post–Iran-Iraq War context? In Behesht-e Zahra cemetery of Tehran, the section dedicated to those designated as martyrs attracts large groups of venerators—women in particular—to visit the graves, perform certain

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The Shadows of Knowability

Reading between Opaque Narrative and Transparent Text

Younes Saramifar

one can think about opacity/transparency through the lenses of speculative realism and object-oriented philosophy. I do so by drawing examples from memories of the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1989) and my experience of reading the auto/biographies of former

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The Painful Return

Prisoners of War and Society in Iraq, 1988–2007

Ronen Zeidel

This is the first study of Iraqi POWs (prisoners of war) of the Iran-Iraq War and their relations with Iraqi society when they were absent and upon their return. The most significant factor affecting those relations was the exceptionally long duration of imprisonment: 8 to 10 years on average. By using novels and memoirs written by the prisoners reflecting on their prison experience, this article will try to unravel how Iraqi POWs perceived their ordeal and how they were influenced by dominant social values. Societal attitudes are also analysed through novels and short stories by some of Iraq's leading authors, in which the returning POW is the main subject.

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Les rites d'âshurâ dans un village de l'Iran contemporain

Révélateur privilégié d'un monde rural en mutation

Anne-Sophie Vivier-Muresan

This article aims to analyse the evolution of âshurâ Shi’ite rituals in an Iranian village, in light of the socio-economic transformations of the last thirty years. Studying these rites as a fait social total, we show that they reflect many aspects of local life. Thus, the increasing dependence of the village on the urban regional centre, the reorganisation of the ties between neighbouring but antagonistic localities, the decreasing status of the great landowners and the increasing social homogenisation, the development of rural exodus and recent national history (the Iran-Iraq war, the establishment of the Islamic Republic and the development of religious reformism) – all have had an influence on the organisation of âshurâ ceremonies. The many functions of this ritual appear then more clearly, manifesting the manner of regional integration, reaffirming internal hierarchies and communal identity, and showing the ever-increasing dependence on the urban world.

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Militancy and Martyrs’ Ghostly Whispers

Disbelieving History and Challenges of Inordinate Knowledge in Iran

Younes Saramifar

had seen or directly experienced the Iran–Iraq war since they were born either during the war or after 1988 when the ceasefire, which was signed on 20 July 1987, was finally executed. 1 My interlocutors spoke of martyrs as if they choose to reveal

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Visual Anthropology in the Middle East

Esther Hertzog and Yael Katzir

members’ experiences, and failed to counter the struggles for recognition and equality. Relating to the Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988), Saramifar's article discusses the meaning of remembering and the implications of memory. He portrays mnemonic practices of