This article explores a key claim underpinning Russian official memory politics, namely, the notion that Russia’s past (and especially the role it played in the Second World War) is the object of a campaign of “historical falsification” aimed at, among other things, undermining Russian sovereignty, especially by distorting young people’s historical consciousness. Although “historical falsification” is an important keyword in the Kremlin’s discourse, it has received little scholarly attention. Via an analysis of official rhetoric and methodological literature aimed at history teachers, I investigate the ideological functions performed by the concept of “historical falsification.” I show how it serves to reinforce a conspiratorial vision of Russia as a nation under siege, while simultaneously justifying the drive toward greater state control over history education.
“Historical Falsification” as a Master Trope in the Official Discourse on History Education in Putin’s Russia
“Presentism” Versus “Path Dependence”?
Reflections on the Second World War in Russian Textbooks of the 1990s
-called Great Patriotic War. James Wertsch has compared textbooks of the Brezhnev, Gorbachev, and Yeltsin eras and inferred that “post-Soviet accounts in Russian history textbooks are organized around the same basic plot and set of events as their Soviet
“The Community is Everything, The Individual is Nothing”
The Second World War in Russian History Education
Russia's past. 18 Putin suggested that “Perhaps we should also think about standardized Russian history textbooks for middle schools, designed for pupils of different ages but created within one concept, within one logic of uninterrupted Russian history
“Russia My History”
A Hi-Tech Version of an Old History Textbook
compared to other expressions of current memory policies, such as those found in Russian history textbooks. Russia My History: An Overview The Russia My History project grew out of a series of temporary exhibitions on different periods of Russian
Visuals in History Textbooks
War Memorials in Soviet and Post-Soviet School Education from 1945 to 2021
(Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger, 1992), 33–54. 18 For an overview of the market for Russian history textbooks, see Philipp Bürger, Geschichte im Dienst für das Vaterland: Traditionen und Ziele der russländischen Geschichtspolitik seit 2000 [History in the