This article analyzes textbooks and curricula for primary schools in Poland published between 1944 and 1989 to show how the communist regime attempted to influence Polish history education via political change and educational reform. The article focuses on five aspects of this influence: Marxist methodology of history, portrayals of political parties, promotion of a “scientific“ worldview, justification of new boundaries and alliances of the People's Poland, and a new pantheon of national heroes. In conclusion, the article investigates the effectiveness of history education in shaping Polish collective memory under the communist regime.
“The Decline of Family Life”
every evening, his wife could also work in tranquility and, most importantly, Grandma could lounge about in church to her heart’s content without regard for the boy. But their happiness was short-lived. The first fruits of the nursery school’s communist