language and narrative that our culture has always grappled with living in an unstable, ocean-drenched environment. 10 As a systems-based framework, ecocriticism shares common traits with complexity theory: the study of complex systems. Ecological
Aquatic Imagery and Ecocritical Complexity in Titus Andronicus
Christian Fuchs and John Collier
Economic logic impinges on contemporary political theory through both economic reductionism and economic methodology applied to political decision-making (through game theory). The authors argue that the sort of models used are based on mechanistic and linear methodologies that have now been found wanting in physics. They further argue that complexity based self-organization methods are better suited to model the complexities of economy and polity and their interactions with the overall social system.
Synthesizing work carried out by the author over the past twenty-five years, this article proposes a tentative disciplinary definition of critical museology, distinguishing its related methodological interdictions and describing its distinctiveness from what is here defined as operational museology. The article acknowledges the diverse intellectual sources that have informed the subject and calls for a reorientation and separation of critical museology from the operational museologies that form part of its area of study. Critical museology, it is argued, is not only an essential intellectual tool for better understanding museums, related exhibitionary institutions, fields of patrimony and counter patrimonies, and the global and local flows and conditions in which they are embedded, but is also crucial for developing new exhibitionary genres, telling untold stories, rearticulating knowledge systems for public dissemination, reimagining organizational and management structures, and repurposing museums and galleries in line with multicultural and intercultural states and communities.
Complexity Theory and World Affairs
James N. Rosenau
In this emergent epoch of multiple contradictions that I have labelled ‘fragmegration’ in order to summarily capture the tensions between the fragmenting and integrating forces that sustain world affairs,2 a little noticed – and yet potentially significant – discrepancy prevails between our intellectual progress toward grasping the underlying complexity of human systems and our emotional expectation that advances in complexity theory may somehow point the way to policies which can ameliorate the uncertainties inherent in a fragmegrative world. The links here are profoundly causal: the more uncertainty has spread since the end of the Cold War, the more are analysts inclined to seek panaceas for instability and thus the more have they latched onto recent strides in complexity theory in the hope that it will yield solutions to the intractable problems that beset us. No less important, all these links – the uncertainty, the search for panaceas, and the strides in complexity theory – are huge, interactive, and still intensifying, thus rendering the causal dynamics ever more relevant to the course of events.
Taking Different Worlds Seriously
In this article I discuss different scientific and non-modern worlds as they appear in a performative (rather than representational) idiom, situating my analysis in relation to the recent ontological turns in science and technology studies (STS) and anthropology. I propose an ontology of decentered becoming that can help us take seriously the multiplicity of ‘found’ ontologies. A key concept is that of ‘islands of stability’, which enables a comparative transition between the worlds of science and shamanism. This offers an opportunity to reflect back critically and politically on modernity, while highlighting the problems of anthropological translation that surface in a performative apprehension of non-modern worlds. In conclusion, I touch on scientific and non-scientific worlds (complexity theory, cybernetics, Taoism, Zen) that do not center themselves on islands of stability.
Intimations of a New Materialism
alongside new materialist ideas drawn from complexity theories, posthumanism, and, especially, affect theories, holds potential for productive insights into the importance of corporeal relations in boyhood and masculinities studies. Each of these new
Paul Apostolidis, William E. Connolly, Jodi Dean, Jade Schiff, and Romand Coles
receptivity, the appreciation of mirror neurons as actual and potential conduits of mimesis in social and political life, the exploration of a constituency habitus operating below the level of direct intellectual control, the engagements with complexity theory
An Interdisciplinary Conversation
Cristina Temenos, Anna Nikolaeva, Tim Schwanen, Tim Cresswell, Frans Sengers, Matt Watson, and Mimi Sheller
the new mobilities paradigm to understand transitions, bringing together complexity theory, MLP, and social practice theory. With this discussion, we hope to provide a short yet succinct overview that suggests some approaches to the challenges of
Democratic Theory in a Time of Defiance
Jean-Paul Gagnon and Emily Beausoleil
predict the rise of the “alt-right” and Trump. He cautions, however, that complexity theory—translated by Coles into democratic resource—lends itself to the neoliberalism Coles seeks to challenge, given its ethos of flexibility, self-organization, and
Laurel Hart, Pamela Lamb, and Joshua Cader
Leaders in Chaotic Environments: Examinations of Leadership Using Complexity Theory , ed. Şefika Şule Erçetin , 127 – 142 . Cham : Springer International Publishing . Gill , Rosalind . 2012 . “ Media, Empowerment and the ‘Sexualization of Culture