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Fostering peace through dialogue

The international social democratic movement and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Pentti Väänänen

The Socialist International (SI), the worldwide forum of the socialist, social democratic, and labor parties, actively looked for a solution to the Jewish-Palestinian conflict in the 1980s. At that time, the Israeli Labour Party still was the leading political force in Israel, as it had been historically since the foundation of the country. The Labour Party was also an active member of the SI. The Party’s leader, Shimon Peres, was one of its vice-presidents. At the same time, the social democratic parties were the leading political force in Western Europe. Several important European leaders, many of them presidents and prime ministers, were involved in the SI’s work. They included personalities such as Willy Brandt of Germany; former president of the SI, Francois Mitterrand of France; James Callaghan of Great Britain; Bruno Kreisky of Austria; Bettini Craxi of Italy; Felipe Gonzalez of Spain; Mario Soares of Portugal; Joop de Uyl of the Netherlands; Olof Palme of Sweden; Kalevi Sorsa of Finland; Anker Jörgensen of Denmark; and Gro Harlem Brudtland of Norway—all of whom are former vice-presidents of the SI. As a result, in the 1980s, the SI in many ways represented Europe in global affairs, despite the existence of the European Community (which did not yet have well-defined common foreign policy objectives).

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John Agnew

wealthier northerners (Germany, the Netherlands, etc.) insisted on loan conditions that placed the consequences on the backs of southern citizens rather than on the banks that had made the bad bets. New crises, including the British decision to leave the EU

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’s promises to renegotiate North American regionalism be implemented? Will voters support populist movements in key European elections in France, Germany, and the Netherlands? Will Turkey continue to suffer from terrorism? For 2017 Regions & Cohesion

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EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

A new space for a study of novel forms of diplomacy

Zane Šime

( Tatham & Bauer, 2014, p. 260 ). Then there is a whole list of regions known for their decades-long active presence in Brussels and direct interest articulation to the EU institutions ( Newhouse, 1997, p. 68 ). Among German Länder , the existing body of

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Richard Meissner and Jeroen Warner

-based, German-born international human rights advocate and Earth Peoples’ representative, posted the signed declarations on the interest group's blog in February 2012 (Earth Peoples, 2012). The declarations also have tags that take the reader to a webpage

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Zenyram Koff Maganda

. I know a few European countries that are on their way to sustainability, which include: Luxembourg, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Finland. I have visited these countries, and they look clean and organized. When I walk through their cities, I

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Assisted “voluntary” return of women to Kosovo

Rhetoric and reality within the framework of development

Sandra Sacchetti

Danish Refugee Council, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Centre for Migration Policy Development, IOM, the Mother Teresa Society, and the German Samaritans. The interviews were conducted in the homes of the respondents; one

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Djénéba Traoré

Post 2020 Vision. WAI, in collaboration with the Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung (ZEI) in Germany has also established a joint program on sustainable regional integration in West Africa and Europe. The multilateral research project

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Regional and sub-regional effects on development policies

The Benelux and the Nordic countries compared

Lauri Siitonen

all are relatively small, northwestern European countries, geopolitically situated between two larger countries; France and Germany (Benelux) or Germany and Russia (Nordics). Second, countries in both groups share similar cultural, historical and

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Barriers and borders

Human mobility and building inclusive societies

Anthony Turton

were happening in Poland and Hungary. Our mission was to determine if there was any evidence of Russian assistance to the embattled regimes of three countries—German Democratic Republic (GDR), Romania, and Czechoslovakia. Remember the Hungarian