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Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

( Namibian 1995a , 1995b , 1995c , 1995d ). In response, the government chose a course of action that drastically diverged from the typical course of reintegration programs—mass public employment. 4 Through this effort called ‘Peace Project’ more than 18

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W(h)ither New Age Studies?

The Uses of Ethnography in a Contested Field of Scholarship

Matthew Wood

Since the 1980s, there has existed a field of scholarly inquiry into a range of phenomena termed New Age. The relative lack of ethnographic studies in this field was identified several years ago, in response to research that focused merely on the discourses within alleged key writings. However, the employment of ethnographic methods does not by itself resolve the problems inherent in other modes of research; attention also has to be paid to how ethnography is used in practice. This article examines ethnographies of the New Age in terms of the extent to which they contextualize data within their immediate social frames, by paying attention to actors' practices and interactions, and to the ways in which beliefs and discourses are constructed and contested. The article demonstrates the strong tendency among New Age ethnographic studies to veer from 'the social' and to rest instead on analytically problematic conceptualizations of agency. It argues that epistemological revision is required to form the basis of a more sociologically adequate understanding of the phenomena addressed.

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Shadow Soldiering

Shifting Constellations and Permeable Boundaries in “Private” Security Contracting

Maya Mynster Christensen

retrained for purposes of armed security work, she suspended the company. Following their failure in Liberia, Sabre International initiated collaboration with the Sierra Leone government. Here, the recruitment was launched as an official youth employment

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Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement

Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso–Côte d’Ivoire Transnational Space

Jesper Bjarnesen

return due to personal misfortune. As the persecution of Burkinabe “strangers” in Côte d’Ivoire intensified after Laurent Gbagbo’s contested electoral victory in 2000, so did the flows of returnees, who left their plantations, wage employment, or small

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Contesting Transitional Justice as Liberal Governance in Revolutionary Tunisia

Corinna Mullin and Ian Patel

’s 2003 “Anti-Terror” law ( ICG 2016 ). This Amnesty Law also stipulated financial compensation for former political prisoners and reinstatement into employment ( Amnesty International 2011 ). Furthermore, several ad hoc reparations measures were enacted

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The Bureaucratic Violence of Alternative Justice

Amanda J. Reinke

associated box on employment applications; those that try juveniles as adults or place juveniles in solitary confinement; or those that have a “three-strikes law” in which offenders are imprisoned for life after committing three serious or violent felonies

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Migrant Residents in Search of Residences

Locating Structural Violence at the Interstices of Bureaucracies

Megan Sheehan

migrants and more than two-thirds of Peruvian women working in this sector ( Cano and Soffia 2009 ). Migrants also find employment as sales personnel, street vendors, waitstaff, kitchen assistants, landscapers, construction workers, street sweepers, and

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Co-constituting Bodyguarding Practice through Embodied Reflexivity

Methodological Reflections from the Field

Paul Higate

I could tell, there was no formal, industry-wide agreed-upon qualification to work in so-called hostile regions; rather, it was the training company’s reputation that facilitated employment (or otherwise) in the role of armed CP. In sum, though

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The Meanings of the Move?

From “Predicaments of Mobility” to “Potentialities in Displacement”

Stephen C. Lubkemann

situation in Mozambique, particularly, in Machaze, remained bleak. The vast majority of men who returned to Machaze after the war quickly realized that migration to South Africa for employment was still their only earning option. However, at the same time

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Administrating Violence through Coal Ash Policies and Practices

Erin R. Eldridge

taken many forms over the past century in efforts to legitimize an industry wrought with disasters, falling employment levels, human suffering, violence, and widespread environmental destruction ( Eldridge 2015 ). It is only within the past decade