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Masculinity on Stage

Dueling in the Greek Capital, 1870–1918

Dimitra Vassiliadou

Based on some forty duels that took place in Athens between 1870 and 1918, this article examines the different connotations middle-class dueling assumed in the political culture of the period. Drawing on newspaper articles, monographs, domestic codes of honor, legal texts, and published memoirs of duelists, it reveals the diversified character of male honor as value and emotion. Approaching dueling both as symbol and practice, the article argues that this ritualistic battle was imported to Greece against a background of fin de siècle political instability and passionate calls for territorial expansion and national integration. The duel gradually became a powerful way of influencing public opinion and the field of honor evolved into a theatrical stage for masculinity, emanating a distinct glamor: the glamor of a public figure who was prepared to lay down his life for his principles, his party, the proclamations he endorsed, and his “name.”

Open access

Volunteering as Protest

Against State Failure or the State Itself?

Jan Křeček

Although the Czech Republic (CR) is not a favorite destination nor even a transit country for migrants through Europe, the refugee crisis has materialized into a strict state policy of rejection. The CR rejects proposals for European solutions and detains and imprisons immigrants, most of whom are inadvertently arrived there. This preliminary refusal strategy is peculiar to both the political and media spheres (and public opinion) and is described in the opening sections of this work. However, the CR, is also a country in which the tally of immigrants is less than the number of Czechs citizens traveling beyond their national borders to help refugees congregating along the “Balkan Route”, where they frequently outnumber volunteers from other countries. This paper goes on to describe the development of these grassroots Czech volunteer organizations and activities in 2015. From the beginning it was characterized by spontaneity and a lack of hierarchy, with the Internet and social media playing a vital role during mobilization and organization. The methodological section defines how this sample was analyzed and the manner in which it was dealt. Section five summarizes the most important findings of the case study: (1) the results of a questionnaire survey among volunteers, (2) the results of a qualitative content analysis of their communication in social networks. Besides basic mapping steps (features of volunteer’s participation), the analysis attempts to capture motivations for volunteer’s participation. Comparison with selected motivation typologies emphasizes the protective (later the normative) motivation, on which the hypotheses are based regarding the dispute about the national identity of volunteering as an ideological, and therefore foreseeable, dispute.

Open access

Afterword

Comparison in the Anthropological Study of Plural Religious Environments

Birgit Meyer

public opinion about, for instance, ‘good’ and ‘bad’ religion. I very much welcome the initiative to establish comparability between the respective groups studied by Beekers and by Kasmani and Mattes. This makes it possible to spotlight similarities that

Open access

Refugee studies in Austria today

From challenges to a research horizon

Leonardo Schiocchet, Sabine Bauer-Amin, Maria Six-Hohenbalken, and Andre Gingrich

transformed public opinion. Hence, at the beginning of 2016, Austria limited the number of refugee arrivals by drastically restricting the number of admitted asylum applications (80 per day). The new center-right Vienna government's chancellor, Sebastian Kurz

Open access

Fusion and Reform

The Potential for Identity Fusion to Reduce Recidivism and Improve Reintegration

Harvey Whitehouse and Robin Fitzgerald

important role to play in reducing recidivism, but we also need to consider the role of society at large and especially the impact of nation-wide government policies, which are in turn influenced by public opinion. Given the real barriers to re-entry that ex

Open access

Svetlana Huusko

ability to dictate one's picture of events, tell a story that fits the existing ideology and the stereotypical models, and enact power through the manipulation of public opinion. Here, I focus on the role of discourse in the reproduction of power. I look

Open access

Heidi Hakkarainen

According to Manfred Landfester, only periodicals with a special interest in educational matters were discussing humanism in the early nineteenth century, and only after the middle of the century did the press begin to play a major role in shaping public

Open access

Into and Out of Citizenship, through Personal Tax Payments

Romanian Migrants’ Leveraging of British Self-Employment

Dora-Olivia Vicol

Deportability in Everyday Life .” Annual Review of Anthropology 31 : 419 – 447 . European Commission . 2007 . “ Eurobarometer 67: Public Opinion in the European Union .” https://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/archives/eb/eb67/eb67_en

Open access

Social Criticism through Humour in the Digital Age

Multimodal Extension in the Works of Aleix Saló

Javier Muñoz-Basols and Marina Massaguer Comes

, de la burbuja inmobiliaria a la crisis’, YouTube (25 May 2011), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N7P2ExRF3GQ . 10 Rodríguez Millán, ‘Entrevista con Aleix Saló’. 11 Jaime Almansa Sánchez, ‘To Be or Not to Be? Public Archaeology as a Tool of Public

Open access

The Power of Silence

Sonic Experiences of Police Operations and Occupations in Rio de Janeiro's Favelas

Sterre Gilsing

, which makes it a “case of the police” ( Lopes and Facina 2012: 195 ). By the time the UPPs started occupying different favelas, the negative public opinion about funk parties had paved the way for an official prohibition of the bailes . Not only