Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 14 items for :

  • Open access x
Clear All
Open access

The Worth of the ‘While’

Time and Taxes in a Finnish Timebank

Matti Eräsaari

‘standard’. In Finland, for example, taxes have in the past been appraised using units such as the ‘hook’ ( koukku , the area farmed by a man with a pair of oxen) or the ‘mantal’ ( manttaali or ‘man count’, a taxation unit based on the yield of the land

Open access

Dreams of Prosperity – Enactments of Growth

The Rise and Fall of Farming in Varanger

Marianne Elisabeth Lien

Varanger peninsula, as seen through relics of the past in the present. Varanger is the most eastern part of Finnmark county, bordering Finland to the south, Russia to the east, and the Barents Sea to the north. Seventy-one degrees north, 30 degrees east, is

Open access

Heidi Hakkarainen

century. 94 The political interpretation of humanism also resonated in the Finnish public sphere in the second half of the nineteenth century, and humanism was often juxtaposed with religion. 95 The secularization of humanism also had vast

Open access

Afterword

Putting Together the Anthropology of Tax and the Anthropology of Ethics

Soumhya Venkatesan

not doing what states ought to do, or is doing too much. For these reasons, they insist on their ethical freedom to oppose a tax-based morality. This is clear from Matti Eräsaari's article on a Finnish timebank's resistance to the state's insistence on

Open access

Federica Tarabusi

resolved in the country, but also a breath of freshness and modernity in a context paralyzed by corruption and inertia. As soon as we got out of the taxi, the Finnish official who had been sitting next to me commented: “Do not believe it as a compliment to

Open access

Introduction

Tax Beyond the Social Contract

Nicolette Makovicky and Robin Smith

Eräsaari's study of the Helsinki Timebank's alternative currency—the ‘while’—and its struggle to prevent the while's translation into euros for taxable purposes by the Finnish tax authority. Eräsaari illustrates how the Timebank's egalitarian organizational

Open access

Frida Hastrup and Marianne Elisabeth Lien

populated regions bordering Russia and Finland have invariably been seen as a risk to territorial sovereignty (Lien, this volume). From the perspective of the twentieth century state authorities, these landscapes were lacking the proper kind of people, and

Open access

Fashioning Masculinities through Migration

Narratives of Romanian Construction Workers in London

Alexandra Urdea

among Romanian migrants in London is an appreciation of the flexibility of the labor market as an opportunity for demonstrating one's self-worth. Marius was a 36-year-old who worked in Spain, Norway, Finland, France, Switzerland, Germany, Poland

Open access

“The 1990s Wasn't Just a Time of Bandits; We Feminists Were Also Making Mischief!”

Celebrating Twenty Years of Feminist Enlightenment Projects in Tver’

Julie Hemment and Valentina Uspenskaya

( obshchestvennaia organizatsiia ). This was partly due to your reluctance to professionalize your activism, or “NGO-ize” it, but there were strategic benefits to this, of course (I just read an interesting analysis by Finnish scholar Inna Perheentupa, who identifies

Open access

Laurent Berger

America, northern Finland, and southwestern China. She reports culture/ umwelt contacts (I mean “polyphonic assemblages”) between matsutake fungi and overexploited forests; international timber markets; Tibetan entrepreneurs and villagers; Southeast Asian