dual advantage of first, developing applied research skills, and second, gaining valuable insight into policies and procedures of criminal justice agencies enhances the employment prospects of students seeking to work in the criminal justice system
The benefits of student investigation of wrongful convictions in a higher education setting
State social spending and financialization in Peru
from 2004 to 2014 ( MEF 2016: 8 )—there is precarious employment for men and women, and small-scale farming is in decline. Pensions, from both employment and the state, along with a range of state-funded programs, have gained in importance. Through
Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims
( Namibian 1995a , 1995b , 1995c , 1995d ). In response, the government chose a course of action that drastically diverged from the typical course of reintegration programs—mass public employment. 4 Through this effort called ‘Peace Project’ more than 18
Richard Meissner and Jeroen Warner
depoliticize ideas to the point where they become backgrounded. The ideas are then so accepted that their existence is forgotten, even though they structure people's thoughts about the economy, policy, and society. Employment of public philosophies or
Political Challenges under Austerity in the UK
The economic crisis of 2007/2008 presented a challenge to the welfare state in the UK, and, more widely, across Europe. It also presented a challenge to many citizens, who were on the receiving end of the austerity agenda, and subsequent tightening of welfare spending. If nothing else, the financial crisis demonstrated the hegemony of economic theories prominent in neoliberal capitalism. As many academics and commentators have identified, however, the current period of instability is indicative of a systemic crisis. In addition to this analysis, the crisis also exposed the intricate and opaque links between western governments and the financial sector. During and after the crisis an eruption of activity in civil society galvanized many that had been directly affected by either the crisis itself—through loss of employment—or by the subsequent austerity measures imposed. This article aims to examine the current crisis affecting the welfare state in the UK, and social policy more broadly, and, begins to suggest how social movements are seeking to challenge the dominant discourses surrounding austerity politics. The article suggests some reasons as to why traditional forms of resistance and organization—such as the mobilizations of the trade union movement—have largely been unsuccessful in challenging such narratives. The article concludes by considering the shift from trade unionism in the UK to post-crisis social movements, and where an anti-austerity movement more broadly might develop further in pursuit of defending the principles of social welfare, and, ultimately, the welfare state.
Constructing “the Roma” within the European neoliberal culture complex
Marianne Blom Brodersen and Emil André Røyrvik
Drawing on ethnographic material from Gitanos of Spain and current EU Roma integration policies, we explore the contemporary construction of the Roma ethnic group category as a specific type of “stranger” in the context of the European neoliberal culture complex. Our argument is that this classificatory reconstruction can be seen to work as a cultural prerequisite for the socio-political shaping and management of the Roma as a neoliberal “stable stranger.” This new stranger is based on constructing Roma as a potential unused labor pool and as recent immigrants, in contrast to the Gitanos’ own ideology and locally grounded identity of self-employment and anti-proletarianism. The paradoxical consequence of the integration policies, therefore, is the potential pushing of the Gitanos further away from Spanish mainstream society.
Autonomy and dependence in contemporary Spain
How is social reproduction possible in a context of precarious employment and austerity policies that have defunded welfare? The paradox of autonomy and dependence is present in intergenerational relations of support and conflict at various scales. It emerges, on the one hand, in the neoliberal injunction to be individually responsible for one’s own present and future wellbeing, an aspiration that is impossible to fulfill. On the other hand, it is expressed in the increasing recourse by younger active cohorts to the care work and assets of their older kin—in particular retirement pensions and a home. Finally, policy calls to transform the pension system oppose younger and older generations in the accountings of social security financial sustainability and question the fairness of existing public pension schemes.
Romanian Migrants’ Leveraging of British Self-Employment
how personal accountancy could bring them both into and out of substantive European citizenship. For those who mastered the format of bookkeeping, taking up self-employment could allow access to welfare, student finance, and employment rights. For
Tax Evasion, the State, and Commoning in a Catalonian Cooperative
Vinzenz Bäumer Escobar
to my ethnographic findings, I explain the popularity of the solidarity economy and the place of the Cooperative within it. I then offer an ethnographic analysis of the Cooperative, paying attention to its alternative employment system and how this
The Position of “the South” and “South-South Migration” in Policy and Programmatic Responses to Different Forms of Migration
An Interview with Francesco Carella
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Francesco Carella
strategy on this. 6 Since then, a series of initiatives have been promoted by the ILO in the lead-up to its centenary, which was celebrated throughout 2019. For instance, a panel discussion on “The Future of Work, Youth Employment and South