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Cosmonaut Gossip

Socialist Masculinity as Private-Public Performance in the Kamanin Diaries

Erica L. Fraser and Kateryna Tonkykh

selfhood. Kamanin's use of gossip narrated and formed his identity as a man of the space age and the Stalinist successor class: his understandings of overt and covert communication were shaped under Stalinism, but his diary gossip also established new

Open access

Introduction

Men and Masculinities under Socialism: Toward a Social and Cultural History

Peter Hallama

on previous research, which I will briefly review here. Work Work, workers, and working classes are extremely significant for Marxism and communism. Marxist and communist thinkers have idealized work as a means of emancipation, and they have

Open access

Melissa Feinberg

race, class, and region. The work of childcare and family maintenance has remained undervalued and largely feminized. The ability of some women to develop white collar professional careers has largely depended upon the availability of poor women of

Open access

“Did You Teach Us to Do Otherwise?”

Young Women in the Tsukunft Youth Movement in Interwar Poland and Their Role Models

Magdalena Kozłowska

Circle, which consisted of students, mostly from high school graduation classes. 21 Mirska's comments show that recruits often had difficulty distinguishing between the various left-wing movements, from the Zionist workers’ party (Poalei Zion) to the

Open access

Adriana Zaharijević, Kristen Ghodsee, Efi Kanner, Árpád von Klimó, Matthew Stibbe, Tatiana Zhurzhenko, Žarka Svirčev, Agata Ignaciuk, Sophia Kuhnle, Ana Miškovska Kajevska, Chiara Bonfiglioli, Marina Hughson, Sanja Petrović Todosijević, Enriketa Papa-Pandelejmoni, Stanislava Barać, Ayşe Durakbaşa, Selin Çağatay, and Agnieszka Mrozik

communities in the Ottoman territories), which is described in the second chapter. The authors examine the structure of education that was shaped upon class- and gender-based concerns in the framework of nineteenth-century Greek national aspirations (i

Open access

From Don Juan to Comrade Ivan

Educating the Young Men of the Urals for Love and Marriage, 1953–1964

Brendan McElmeel

the housework. 36 Yet this characterization of Soviet gender relations draws suspiciously heavily from negative stereotypes about working-class men, and fails to capture the complexity of public discourse during the Thaw. Scholars have pointed not

Open access

Kristen Ghodsee, Hülya Adak, Elsa Stéphan, Chiara Bonfiglioli, Ivan Stankov, Rumiana Stoilova, Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild, Mara Lazda, Adrienne Harris, Ayşe Durakbaşa, Lex Heerma van Voss, Lejila Mušić, Zdeňka Kalnická, Sylwia Kuźma-Markowska, Evguenia Davidova, Tsoneva Tsoneva, Georgi Medarov, and Irina Genova

the attempt to give voice and visibility to women in history. Intersectionality as a theoretical framework brings together almost all of the articles, as gender is explored in relation to class, ethnicity, religion, and sexuality, exposing unique modes

Open access

“Amongst Affectionate Female Friends”

Same-Sex Intimacy in Nineteenth-Century Polish Correspondence

Natalie Cornett

independent women in an age of emerging nationalism that put the nation above all else, including class and gender. Żmichowska and her Enthusiasts wrote incessantly to each other, and some 1,200 or so of their letters have been published thus far while even

Open access

Becoming Communist

Ideals, Dreams, and Nightmares

Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild

early days, through attempts to perfect the behavior of those at the Lenin School and purge them of racism, classism, and sexism, to the lived experience in Spain during the civil war, to the general fight against fascism during World War II, to the

Open access

Janet Elise Johnson and Mara Lazda

administrator at the New School—founding and leading the Gender Studies Program there—she would jet off to Prague or Krakow to bring money, to respond to requests for communication, or to teach her Theories of Gender class at the New School's Democracy and