Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 13 items for :

  • International Relations x
  • Refine by Access: Open Access content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

Securitization, alterity, and the state

Human (in)security on an Amazonian frontier

Marc Brightman and Vanessa Grotti

English abstract: Focusing on the region surrounding the Maroni River, which forms the border between Suriname and French Guiana, we examine how relations between different state and non-state social groups are articulated in terms of security. The region is characterised by multiple “borders” and frontiers of various kinds, the state boundary having the features of an interface or contact zone. Several key collectivities meet in this border zone: native Amazonians, tribal Maroon peoples, migrant Brazilian gold prospectors, and metropolitan French state functionaries. We explore the relationships between these different sets of actors and describe how their mutual encounters center on discourses of human and state security, thus challenging the commonly held view of the region as a stateless zone and showing that the “human security” of citizens from the perspective of the state may compete with locally salient ideas or ex- periences of well-being.

Spanish abstract: El artículo examina cómo se articulan las relaciones en términos de seguridad entre grupos estatales y no estatales en la región que rodea el Río Maroni (frontera entre la Guyana francesa y Surinam). La región se caracteriza por múltiples “límites” y tipos de fronteras, teniendo así la frontera Estatal características de una zona de contacto o de una interfaz. Importantes comunidades se encuentran en esta zona de frontera: Nativos del Amazonas, comunidades tribales del Maroni, buscadores de oro brasileños y funcionarios estatales franceses. Los autores exploran las relaciones entre estas diferentes redes de actores, y describen la manera en que sus mutuos encuentros se centran en discursos de seguridad humana y del Estado, desafiando así, el tradicional enfoque que sostiene la región como una zona sin Estado y mostrando que la “seguridad humana” desde la perspectiva del Estado puede competir con importantes ideas locales o con experiencias de bienestar.

French abstract: En se concentrant sur la région entourant le fleuve Maroni, qui forme la frontière entre le Suriname et la Guyane française, nous examinons comment les relations entre les différents groupes sociaux étatiques et non-étatiques sont articulées en termes de sécurité. La région est caractérisée par de multiples «frontières» et les frontières de toutes sortes, la frontière de l'État ayant les caractéristiques d'une interface ou zone de contact. De nombreuses et importantes collectivités se rencontrent dans cette zone frontalière: Indigènes d'Amazonie, la communauté tribale Maroon, les migrants brésiliens à la recherche de l'or et les fonctionnaires d'Etat de la France métropolitaine. Nous explorons les relations entre ces différents groupes d'acteurs, et décrivons la manière dont leurs rencontres mutuelles sont centrées sur les discours relatifs à la sécurité humaine et l'État, remettant ainsi en cause l'idée communément admise de la région en tant zone apatride et montrant par la même que la «sécurité humaine» des citoyens perçue du point de vue de l'État peut rivaliser avec des idées saillantes au niveau local ou des expériences relatives au bien-être.

Open access

Philippine Prison Marriages

The Politics of Kinship and Women's Composite Agency

Sif Lehman Jensen

everyday of women remain unexplored. I seek to address this gap by reflecting on how women maneuver the entangled relationship of family and insurgency politics that characterizes their home communities in everyday life as migrants at the urban periphery of

Open access

Leadership for inclusiveness

Advancing gender equality in development

Bandana Rana, Tara Lipovina, Mónica Carrasco Gómez, and Perla O. Fragoso Lugo

Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) policies pertaining to women migrants. Their study showed how the numerous recent legal instruments passed by ASEAN with the aim of protecting female migrants have been undercut by economic policymaking. In fact, all mention

Open access

Scratches on our sovereignty?

Analyzing conservation politics in the Sundarbans

Jayashree Vivekanandan

the migrants and the privileging of the tiger in the conservation discourse, both intersected in local folklore in ways that signified angst and resistance. Therein lies the cultural politics of conservation in the Sundarbans. As the article goes on to

Open access

Zhiding Hu and Victor Konrad

residents, ethnic minorities, business people, government representatives at local, regional, and national levels, military, and cross-border migrants in an effort to establish what Megoran (2017) terms a “border biography.” The information gathered has

Open access

Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

disruption of social structures and propelled a system of migrant labor that extended throughout the Southern African region ( Moorsom 1989 ; Wallace 2011 ; Werner 1993 ). The ensuing state form differentiated starkly between settlers and natives and

Open access

“Where Is the New Constitution?”

Public Protest and Community-Building in Post–Economic Collapse Iceland

Timothy Heffernan

participants; most were locals aged 35 to 75, with few tourists or migrants participating. 4 Bleating sheep featured in one song to ridicule the incumbent prime minister. As a UN Champion of the HeForShe gender equality campaign, Benediktsson was satirized

Open access

Introduction

Exceptionalism and Necropolitical Security Dynamics in Olympic Rio de Janeiro

Margit Ystanes and Tomas Salem

Crossroads .” Metropolitics , 26 June . Bendixsen , Synnøve . 2017 . “ The Production of Irregular Migrants: The Case of Norway .” Dve Domovini— Two Homelands 45 : 29 – 43 . Brown , Marvin . 2010 . “ Free Enterprise and the Economics of

Open access

Richard Meissner and Jeroen Warner

fear the spread of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases from migrant workers, “which would surely decimate … our less ‘civilized’ communities” ( Declaration, 2012c ). In the past, the interest groups arguing against the construction of the

Open access

Erick Alfonso Galán Castro, América Libertad Rodríguez Herrera, and José Luis Rosas-Acevedo

concentraba muchos migrantes de distintas regiones del estado de Guerrero, especialmente de la costa chica. Estas colonias, Ciudad Renacimiento y El Coloso, han sido consideradas—desde su inauguración—áreas de alto riesgo por el nivel de criminalidad y