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Open access

Toxic Waste and Race in Twenty-First Century America

Neighborhood Poverty and Racial Composition in the Siting of Hazardous Waste Facilities

Michael Mascarenhas, Ryken Grattet, and Kathleen Mege

Environmental justice studies investigate the role of race, class, and other social attributes in the uneven distribution of environmental hazards. A major line of inquiry has been about the placement of toxic waste facilities and the demographic

Open access

The Double Force of Vulnerability

Ethnography and Environmental Justice

Grant M. Gutierrez, Dana E. Powell, and T. L. Pendergrast

particular configuration of political alliances and theoretical motivations that owes its genealogy to civil and Indigenous rights movements in the United States that critique the operationalization and spatialization of race and territory. We suggest that EJ

Open access

Chemical Agents

The Biopolitical Science of Toxicity

Melina Packer

hierarchies bear disproportionately heavier toxic burdens. Such environmental injustices, entangled with the transgenerational effects of toxic exposures, threaten to turn hegemonic social categories of race and sex back into the purportedly biological

Open access

Surveying the Chemical Anthropocene

Chemical Imaginaries and the Politics of Defining Toxicity

Yogi Hale Hendlin

course is in addition to the physical and mental suffering that they experience ( Zota et al. 2019 ). Chemical exposures and the costs of ecological destruction have nothing to do with a generalized Anthropocene. Chemical biotoxicity burdens are raced

Open access


Pollution and Toxicity: Cultivating Ecological Practices for Troubled Times

Josh Fisher, Mary Mostafanezhad, Alex Nading, and Sarah Marie Wiebe

(this issue) explore the link between environmental racism and racial justice movements in the United States. As the literature suggests, the relationship between race, poverty, and the siting of hazardous waste facilities is more than an artifact of

Open access

Toxic Research

Political Ecologies and the Matter of Damage

Noah Theriault and Simi Kang

race, class, gender, disability, age, and species. Coalitional organizing around reproductive rights is a crucial case in point. In “Living Environmentalisms,” Di Chiro draws on Bernice Johnson Reagon's concept of “coalition politics” to show how

Open access

Néstor L. Silva

2019: 102 ), power relations such as race, class, gender, and other remnants of coloniality ( Hoover 2017 ; Lennon 2020 ; Nading 2020 ); and that the ecological toxicity of petroleum effectively provisions and powers the cultural practices that

Open access

Brittany Kiessling and Keely Maxwell

as from the social worlds of postremediation landscapes. They reflect whether housing prices rise or fall—but not who is in those homes. Yet race, ethnicity, gentrification, and urban development are inextricably linked to how neighborhood residents

Open access

The Social Life of the “Forever Chemical”

PFAS Pollution Legacies and Toxic Events

Daniel Renfrew and Thomas W. Pearson

modernity and rampant consumerism, and is in many ways an apt reflection of late industrial risk society. But the risk society idea arguably reveals the anxieties of White middle-class citizens trying to protect raced and classed “hallmarks of suburban

Open access

Liza Grandia

speculate on risk as a business opportunity, whereas millennial Indigenous cultures more wisely recognize their common precarity to external threats. Indeed, race and gender appear to inflect risk perception far more than income or education. White men rank