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Un précurseur… des food studies : Maxime Rodinson

Jean-Pierre Poulain

Abstract

This article explores the contribution of Maxime Rodinson to the thematisation of food in the Social and Human Sciences (SHS), i.e. its recognition as a legitimate object. Rodinson's contribution consists in having created the conditions for the socialisation of food. The focused interest in cookery books, as a source of empirical data, has made it possible to situate food in culinary styles, that is to say not only in physical space, but also in social space. Entry through practices has provided access to what he calls “mass effects” that affect society at large. Thus, it has been possible to sociologise the issue by adding to the local, geographical, and cultural locations of food and dishes the consideration of social hierarchies and forms of diffusion, mixing linguistics, history, sociology, anthropology, and geography. Beyond Rodinson's personal trajectory, which from a personal poly-competence promotes a transdisciplinary approach, the thematisation takes place in a historical and epistemological context marked by the opposition between a spiritual Islamology and evolutionary Marxism. This characterises the period preceding the Iranian revolution and the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Résumé

Cet article étudie la contribution de Maxime Rodinson à la thématisation de l'alimentation dans les Sciences humaines et sociales (SHS), c'est-à-dire à sa reconnaissance comme objet légitime. Son apport consiste à avoir créé les conditions de la sociologisation des aliments. La mise en évidence de l'intérêt des livres de cuisine comme source de données empiriques a permis de situer les aliments dans des styles culinaires, c'est-à-dire non seulement dans l'espace physique, mais également dans l'espace social. L'entrée par les pratiques a donné accès à ce qu'il appelle des « effets de masse » qui touchent la société de façon large. Ainsi a-t-on pu sociologiser la question en ajoutant à la localisation géographique et culturelle des aliments et des mets la prise en compte des hiérarchies sociales et des formes de diffusions, en mêlant linguistique, histoire, sociologie, anthropologie, géographie… Au-delà de la trajectoire personnelle de Rodinson qui, depuis une poly-compétence personnelle, promeut une approche transdisciplinaire, cette thématisation s'opère dans un contexte historique et épistémologique marqué par l'opposition entre une islamologie spirituelle et le marxisme évolutionniste qui caractérise la période qui précède la révolution iranienne et la chute du mur de Berlin.

Open access

Book Reviews

Haimo Li and John Enslin

being of the world and of human existence in the world by the Greeks, prior to all philosophical or political thematization’ (3). Later he states that ‘Greek myths are true because they unveil a signification of the world that one cannot reduce to any

Open access

A “becoming logistical” of anthropology?

Geoffrey Aung

nodes of logistical circulation primarily as sites of flow, exchange, and spatial connectivity. Of a piece with anthropology's infrastructural turn, this thematization is what critical scholars of logistics from other disciplines do so well to call into

Open access

Acts Is Acts

Tautology and Theopolitical Form

Maria José de Abreu

recursive relation exists between medium and message, form and content, such that Charismatic speech partakes in the very tautological structure it thematizes. Such a self-referential power arrangement is symptomatic of regimes whose model of sovereignty

Open access

Black October

Comics, Memory, and Cultural Representations of 17 October 1961

Claire Gorrara

Western representations of racialized others. Instead, the documentary mode positions the demonstrators as political subjects. In addition, by creating a frontalier protagonist, Octobre noir thematizes the notion of “in-between-ness” and highlights the

Open access

“The Dick Is Probably a Bit Overrated”

Healthcare Professionals’ Perspectives on Masculinity following Treatment for Prostate Cancer

Jesper Andreasson, Thomas Johansson, and Carina Danemalm-Jägervall

, were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The aim of this study is not to try to generalize findings gleaned from data. Instead, the ambition has been to develop a way of thematizing and analyzing how HCPs understand their work and how they

Open access

Ambiguous Narratives of World War Technologies in Contemporary Military History Museums

Stephan Jaeger

. They also told specific stories of military and technological success. These narratives tended to thematize aspects of mobilization, the strategies and events of specific campaigns and battles, military leadership, and the heroism of soldiers. At times

Open access

Symbolic Nation-building through Images in Post-Yugoslav History Textbooks

Tamara P. Trošt and Jovana Mihajlović Trbovc

changes. 47 The small picture in the header is the flag of the President of the Republic of Croatia. It therefore puts a clearly ethnic mark on a chapter that should otherwise thematize the dissolution of Yugoslavia and the postwar creation of the state

Open access

Futures on Dry Ground

Anthropology and Coastal Planning

Theodore Hilton and Sheehan Moore

review highlights and thematizes an innovative and still largely recent literature that draws on this critical planning and political ecological work while urgently responding to the present moment. In what follows, we advance three interrelated lines

Open access

Book Reviews

Birgitta Bader-Zaar, Evguenia Davidova, Minja Bujaković, Milena Kirova, Malgorzata Fidelis, Stefano Petrungaro, Alexandra Talavar, Daniela Koleva, Rochelle Ruthchild, Vania Ivanova, Valentina Mitkova, Roxana L. Cazan, Sylwia Kuźma-Markowska, and Nadia Danova

representations of old age in literature, folklore, and popular culture. Rafaela Božić discusses the thematization of age in Soviet utopias and dystopias from the period before World War II. Since the body in this literature is an “ideological sign” (238), its