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On difference and combination

Politics and social movement organizations in a Pennsylvania rust-belt region

Sharryn Kasmir

impulses toward differentiation or unification, both from above and below ( Carbonella and Kasmir 2014 , 2015 ). The result of these ongoing processes is not class as a fixed structure, but rather a historically situated arrangement of exploitation

Open access

We Need to Talk about Class

Towards a Class-Based Approach in Contemporary Museum Theory and Practice

Serena Iervolino and Domenico Sergi

The significance of “class” in contemporary Britain has perhaps best been popularized by the international bestseller Watching the English ( Fox 2014 ). Drawing on ethnographic research, anthropologist Kate Fox defines class as a

Open access

The Lottery and the Middle Class

Navigating the Boundaries of Risk-Taking and Class-Making in Istanbul

Wesam Hassan

entertainment only and has never put herself in debt. In her explanation, she describes her background as middle class, where debts and indebtedness are viewed as almost immoral. Throughout her childhood, her parents stressed the importance of not being indebted

Open access

Disappointment and awkwardness as ugly feelings

Humanitarian affect in a “Global East”

Čarna Brković

humanitarianism” as a political and moral formation. That focus demonstrates how actors from these “Global Easts” can be included as potential providers of aid in the racialized and class-based politics of the humanitarian discourses of the Global North while

Open access

‘What Do You Mean You Haven't Got Tools?’

Becoming a Boater and Developing Skills within a Community of Practice

Benjamin Bowles

‘pirates’ – categories which, it is often assumed by boaters themselves and by commentators, map onto class differences originating in wider British society. I then demonstrate how class is not, in fact, the most important differentiating factor between

Open access

Class, values, and revolutions in the Russia-Ukraine war

A response to Chris Hann

Volodymyr Ishchenko

to remind that the interests of the Western ruling classes in the war do not necessarily coincide with the interests of the Ukrainian subaltern classes, or that those are also likely to diverge from the interests and ideologies of their own comprador

Open access

Facing racism

Discomfort, innocence and the liberal peripheralisation of race in the Netherlands

Sinan Çankaya and Paul Mepschen

In this paper, we argue in favour of an anthropological focus on the ‘doing’ of whiteness, which is necessary to understand how various, contrasting but interconnected articulations of whiteness come into being. We focus on two ethnographic vignettes that reveal the different structural positions, within a culturalised and racialised order, of the anthropologists developing them. The vignettes focus on liberal and progressive ‘middle‐class’ articulations of whiteness that often remain unrecognised and – especially – bathed in innocence, but that go to the heart of the contemporary European question. We take issue with the liberal peripheralisation of racism, a discursive practice that locates racism in the ‘white working class’ and symbolically exorcises it from the ‘moderate’, centrist core of Europe. Rather than truly facing racism, what seems at stake for many liberals and progressives is the self‐image of being well‐meaning ‘respectable’ and ‘good’ middle‐class people.

Open access

Very sneaky crimes

Squatting, urban security, and class anthropopoiesis in Milan (Italy)

Giacomo Pozzi

Milan is an increasingly safe city. Despite this, the insecurity perceived by citizens is growing. Particularly in social housing districts, squatting is considered by institutions, public opinion, but also by most regular residents, as one of the principle causes of urban insecurity. Based on ethnographic research conducted in Milan between 2015 and 2017, this article proposes an anthropological analysis of policies, norms, practices, and narratives related to the governance of housing illegality, showing how these representations contribute to producing a stigmatized, morally connoted, and criminalized image of squatters. In broader terms, starting with the ethnographic case of squatting, the article explores the anthropopoietic dynamics of social class construction and the centrality of moral categories in the production of urban inequality.

Open access

Getting by or getting ahead

State social spending and financialization in Peru

Susan Vincent

participated in demonstrations to demand state attention to their combined peasant-worker class concerns and complained the state was effectively absent from their everyday lives. They were also marginal to the banking sector, unable to access loans. Social

Open access

Everyone’s an artist?

Class, precarity, and the distribution of creative labor

Natalie Morningstar

This article examines the endurance of traditional class labels among precarious workers in post-recession Dublin. It argues that tensions remain between creatives and non-creatives due to: (1) divergent class concepts, (2) a lack of social engagement, and (3) unequal access to economic, social, and cultural capital, which creatives mobilize to protect some highly vocational artistic labor. It is thus not a shared experience of the same kind of precarious exploitation that unites the precariat but a trap held in common, whereby self-actualization through labor is construed as a route to freedom. Drawing on Karl Marx’s theory of emancipation, I suggest that attempts to redress precarization should focus on undermining this encroachment of work into life, which I argue results in exploitation and alienation for all precarious workers.