impulses toward differentiation or unification, both from above and below ( Carbonella and Kasmir 2014 , 2015 ). The result of these ongoing processes is not class as a fixed structure, but rather a historically situated arrangement of exploitation
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On difference and combination
Politics and social movement organizations in a Pennsylvania rust-belt region
Discomfort, innocence and the liberal peripheralisation of race in the Netherlands
Sinan Çankaya and Paul Mepschen
In this paper, we argue in favour of an anthropological focus on the ‘doing’ of whiteness, which is necessary to understand how various, contrasting but interconnected articulations of whiteness come into being. We focus on two ethnographic vignettes that reveal the different structural positions, within a culturalised and racialised order, of the anthropologists developing them. The vignettes focus on liberal and progressive ‘middle‐class’ articulations of whiteness that often remain unrecognised and – especially – bathed in innocence, but that go to the heart of the contemporary European question. We take issue with the liberal peripheralisation of racism, a discursive practice that locates racism in the ‘white working class’ and symbolically exorcises it from the ‘moderate’, centrist core of Europe. Rather than truly facing racism, what seems at stake for many liberals and progressives is the self‐image of being well‐meaning ‘respectable’ and ‘good’ middle‐class people.
Very sneaky crimes
Squatting, urban security, and class anthropopoiesis in Milan (Italy)
Milan is an increasingly safe city. Despite this, the insecurity perceived by citizens is growing. Particularly in social housing districts, squatting is considered by institutions, public opinion, but also by most regular residents, as one of the principle causes of urban insecurity. Based on ethnographic research conducted in Milan between 2015 and 2017, this article proposes an anthropological analysis of policies, norms, practices, and narratives related to the governance of housing illegality, showing how these representations contribute to producing a stigmatized, morally connoted, and criminalized image of squatters. In broader terms, starting with the ethnographic case of squatting, the article explores the anthropopoietic dynamics of social class construction and the centrality of moral categories in the production of urban inequality.
Getting by or getting ahead
State social spending and financialization in Peru
participated in demonstrations to demand state attention to their combined peasant-worker class concerns and complained the state was effectively absent from their everyday lives. They were also marginal to the banking sector, unable to access loans. Social
Everyone’s an artist?
Class, precarity, and the distribution of creative labor
This article examines the endurance of traditional class labels among precarious workers in post-recession Dublin. It argues that tensions remain between creatives and non-creatives due to: (1) divergent class concepts, (2) a lack of social engagement, and (3) unequal access to economic, social, and cultural capital, which creatives mobilize to protect some highly vocational artistic labor. It is thus not a shared experience of the same kind of precarious exploitation that unites the precariat but a trap held in common, whereby self-actualization through labor is construed as a route to freedom. Drawing on Karl Marx’s theory of emancipation, I suggest that attempts to redress precarization should focus on undermining this encroachment of work into life, which I argue results in exploitation and alienation for all precarious workers.
"The Riots Were Where the Police Were
Deconstructing the Pendelton Riot
Bob Jeffery and Waqas Tufail
This article explores the social dynamics in the city of Salford at the time of the Pendleton riot, which took place amidst the four days of national rioting that began with the killing of Mark Duggan in Tottenham by the Metropolitan Police Service. Attempting to counter what we see as a dominant narrative of the riots as 'shopping with violence', this article explores the development of the significant disorder in Salford through a triangulation of accounts, including an extensive review of journalistic accounts, alongside interviews from a dozen people who witnessed the riots as police officers, residents and spectators. Beginning with an overview of the events of August 9th 2011, we argue that the deployment of officers in riots gear in the vicinity of Salford Precinct proved provocative, and created a focal point for the widespread antagonism felt towards the police. Furthermore, we suggest that an understanding of local contextual factors is critical both in terms of answering the question ‘why Salford?’, but also in terms of explaining the ferocity of the violence targeted towards officers of Greater Manchester Police (in contrast to the focus on looting in nearby Manchester city-centre). Interpreting the riots as a response to punitive policing policies that have accompanied state-directed policies of large-scale gentrification, we highlight the degree to which the 'contestations over space' that characterized the riot pointed to an underlying politics of resistance (despite lacking 'formal' political articulation).
‘Men Don't Cry Over Women’
Expressions of Love and Grief in Egyptian Popular Music
you, I won't be able to live’. The expression of vulnerability, depression and helplessness of a man who is dumped by his female lover has become, in recent years, a common theme in the lower-working-class music referred to as mahragānāt , the
David N. Gellner
Marginal youth, viral aesthetics, and affective politics in neoliberal Morocco
was the fashionable cut all teenage boys had been getting that year, a Mohawk style that emulated football players’ haircuts and had become a signature look, first among the local Ultras (organized football supporters) then for young sha‘abi (lower-class
Flipping the classroom
Students’ perceptions from an introductory sociology course
Ann Ward, Aja Antoine, and Wendy Cadge
Instructors teach some form of introductory sociology course at a wide range of colleges and universities. Multiple textbooks map the content of introductory sociology classes, and instructors prepare courses in introductory sociology every