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Women and War in the Balkans

A Comparative Review Essay

Maria Bucur

. Additionally, historians have obsessed for a hundred years over the shifts in internal and international alliances between the pro-German versus pro-Entente factions, which led to Romania's delayed entrance in the war. Ciupală is in a very small minority of

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

, statistics and social hygiene were to play a significant role, and they permeated public debates. Conceptually, racial degeneration was an import from France and Germany, where most Romanian doctors were educated, but was readily adapted to local conditions

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Janet Elise Johnson and Mara Lazda

work before the Germans pulled down the wall was a feminist anthology, Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality (1983), coedited with Christine Stansell and Sharon Thompson. Powers of Desire was an activist-literary-scholarly cri de coeur for a

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Issues of Gender Representation in Modern Greek Art

The Case of Thaleia Flora-Caravia's Photographic Images and Self-Portraits

Despoina Tsourgianni

, following her nine-month stay and study in Paris (1903), as well as the traveling exhibition of her works in Germany (1905), the painter returned to Istanbul and moved to a new studio. Her memories of this period are preserved in an exciting excerpt of her

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Black October

Comics, Memory, and Cultural Representations of 17 October 1961

Claire Gorrara

journalists recorded the events they witnessed on the streets on 17 October, leading to some coverage in mainstream and radical newspapers, such as the left-wing, anti-colonial France-Observateur . Countries such as the USA, Britain, and Germany, receiving

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Adriana Zaharijević, Kristen Ghodsee, Efi Kanner, Árpád von Klimó, Matthew Stibbe, Tatiana Zhurzhenko, Žarka Svirčev, Agata Ignaciuk, Sophia Kuhnle, Ana Miškovska Kajevska, Chiara Bonfiglioli, Marina Hughson, Sanja Petrović Todosijević, Enriketa Papa-Pandelejmoni, Stanislava Barać, Ayşe Durakbaşa, Selin Çağatay, and Agnieszka Mrozik

cultural Cold War were the countries between Germany and the Soviet Union, then called “Eastern Europe” (although Prague lies west of Vienna), which had been occupied by Soviet troops and ruled by communist parties. Both the United States and the Soviet

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“Did You Teach Us to Do Otherwise?”

Young Women in the Tsukunft Youth Movement in Interwar Poland and Their Role Models

Magdalena Kozłowska

, German, and international socialist movements at an early stage. She was an outstanding speaker and thinker, a cofounder of the social democracy movement of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, and a participant in the 1905–1907 revolution in Warsaw. She

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Ana Kolarić

., 13. 12 Ibid., 22. 13 Jürgen Habermas, Sara Lennox, and Frank Lennox, “The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article (1964),” in New German Critique , no. 3 (Autumn 1974): 49–55. 14 Nancy Fraser, “Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the

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Stiletto Socialism

Social Class, Dressing Up, and Women's Self-Positioning in Socialist Slovenia

Polona Sitar

femininity for success. Perfumes, cosmetics, and fashionable clothing became increasingly available to consumers in the Soviet Union, East Germany, Poland, Hungary, and, of course, Yugoslavia. They were necessary for the successful socialist construction of

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Elaine MacKinnon

being late to work or having to leave early. 29 There were many foreign women as well in the camps, including Poles, Germans, Chinese, Iranians, Romanians, and Finns, arrested as part of a Stalinist effort to remove any potential “fifth column” from the