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Open access

The Worth of the ‘While’

Time and Taxes in a Finnish Timebank

Matti Eräsaari

‘standard’. In Finland, for example, taxes have in the past been appraised using units such as the ‘hook’ ( koukku , the area farmed by a man with a pair of oxen) or the ‘mantal’ ( manttaali or ‘man count’, a taxation unit based on the yield of the land

Open access


Putting Together the Anthropology of Tax and the Anthropology of Ethics

Soumhya Venkatesan

not doing what states ought to do, or is doing too much. For these reasons, they insist on their ethical freedom to oppose a tax-based morality. This is clear from Matti Eräsaari's article on a Finnish timebank's resistance to the state's insistence on

Open access

Federica Tarabusi

resolved in the country, but also a breath of freshness and modernity in a context paralyzed by corruption and inertia. As soon as we got out of the taxi, the Finnish official who had been sitting next to me commented: “Do not believe it as a compliment to

Open access


Tax Beyond the Social Contract

Nicolette Makovicky and Robin Smith

Eräsaari's study of the Helsinki Timebank's alternative currency—the ‘while’—and its struggle to prevent the while's translation into euros for taxable purposes by the Finnish tax authority. Eräsaari illustrates how the Timebank's egalitarian organizational

Open access

Laurent Berger

America, northern Finland, and southwestern China. She reports culture/ umwelt contacts (I mean “polyphonic assemblages”) between matsutake fungi and overexploited forests; international timber markets; Tibetan entrepreneurs and villagers; Southeast Asian

Open access

Svetlana Huusko

Peoples of Northern Russia: Anthropology and Health . Raahe, Finland : International Association of Circumpolar Health . Landers , Brian . 2011 . Empires Apart: A History of American and Russian imperialism . New York : Pegasus Books . Lee

Open access

Between social footprint and compliance, or “what IBAMA wants”

Equinor Brazil's social sustainability policy

Iselin Åsedotter Strønen

oil industry in Mexico .” PhD diss., University of Helsinki , Finland . Rajak , Dinah . 2011 . In good company: An anatomy of corporate social responsibility . Redwood City, CA : Stanford University Press . 10

Open access

Dmitry V. Arzyutov and Sergei A. Kan

, essays of travelers, and the like; Schweitzer 2001: 117–122 ). Moreover, Siberia was becoming a platform for testing the ideas of European nationalisms, which can be illustrated by Matthias Castrén’s searches of the Finnish ancestral home ( Knight 1995

Open access

Multidisciplinary peer-mentoring groups facilitating change?

A critical educational praxis perspective

Melina Aarnikoivu, Matti Pennanen, Johanna Kiili, and Terhi Nokkala

funding. For example, doctoral students who are faculty members have work healthcare benefits, whereas those working on an external grant do not. Finally, one of the senior researchers brought up language issues between Finnish and non-Finnish

Open access

Decolonization and Restitution: Moving Towards a More Holistic and Relational Approach

Report on the Panel on Ethnographic Museums and Indigenous People, ICOM Kyoto, September 2019

Michèle Rivet

after Namibia gained independence, with the return of a sacred stone from Finland and human remains from Germany. These sporadic returns, as one panelist described it, “are very significant as they involved sacred and sensitive material and Human Remains