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Resist and Revivify

Democratic Theory in a Time of Defiance

Jean-Paul Gagnon and Emily Beausoleil

feeling the pinch. It is a life that uses interpersonal creativity to help others meet their needs and desires. Put together, Dewey’s resistance against types of violence that are harmful to democracy and his call to revivify the democratic way of life

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Realizing Interspecies Democracy

The Preconditions for an Egalitarian, Multispecies, World

Sue Donaldson, Janneke Vink, and Jean-Paul Gagnon

the extent to which the government has consideration for the desires, wishes, and interests of the subject population, while the control population merely comes into view when discussing the more formal question of who should be checking and executing

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Interpretation and Rationality

Developing Donald Davidson's Ideas in International Political Theory

Nikolay Gudalov

‘what things were like before the [scientific] revolution using – what else? – our post-revolutionary idiom’ (1973–1974: 6). Yet, RI does not imply that all of a speaker's beliefs, desires or preferences are rational or like ours. It only urges us to

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Spencer McKay

change and instability” (50) by strategic reformers who believe that the initiative would produce their desired policies ( Bowler et al. 2002 ; Bridges and Kousser 2011 ). Previously identified examples of such crises include governments that anticipated

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Marie Paxton and Uğur Aytaç

” to life (1). Through the deliberative process of PB, people learn more about their own preferences and those of others, and they develop both the capacity and the desire to do more for their communities. In this way, PB can help to encourage people to

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SimonMary Aihiokhai, Lorina Buhr, David Moore, and William Jethro Mpofu

from the 1950s to the 1990s, colonialism ‘faked its death’ and only yielded reforms to its monstrosity and did not deliver the revolution that Africans desired and also deserved after long years of economic and political domination. In his fleshing out

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Amílcar Cabral and Amartya Sen

Freedom, Resistance and Radical Realism

Lawrence Hamilton

, various positions are coalescing around four main characteristics ( Rossi and Sleat 2014 ). First, a realist political theory must start from and be concerned in the first instance not with how people ought ideally (or ‘rationally’) to act, desire, value

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Rikki Dean, Jean-Paul Gagnon, and Hans Asenbaum

about their chosen subject. Some in the vineyard are not problem bound, and although they are driven by other duties and desires, this still does not discount the fact that their wine, should they decide to make some, can also be traded and used as

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Ian Moll

then transported down the Atlantic coastline, as the most desired currency used by British traders to buy slaves in Africa. ( Moll 2020 ) Whether slavery played a key role in financing the Industrial Revolution or not, the political, economic

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Who Governs in Deep Crises?

The Case of Germany

Wolfgang Merkel


The Berlin Republic of today is neither Weimar (1918–1932) nor Bonn (1949–1990). It is by all standards the best democracy ever on German soil. Nevertheless, during the COVID-19 crisis there was a shift from democracy as a mode of governance to what the controversial legal theorist Carl Schmitt (1922) affirmingly described as a “state of exception”; a state that is desired and approved by the people (through opinion polls). It was the hour of the executive. The parliament disempowered itself. There was very little, if any, contestation or deliberation during the first eight weeks of the COVID-19 crisis. This article reflects on the implications of this mode of governance on institutions and actors of democracy in Germany, and offers a way of assessing the wellbeing of democracies in times of deep crisis.