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Changing Colors of Money

Tips, Commissions, and Ritual in Christian Pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Jackie Feldman

The movement of money in Christian pilgrimage is a profound mirror of cultural classifications. By examining tips, commissions, and souvenir purchases in Holy Land pilgrimages, I show how the transfer of monies activates a series of multiple, complex relationships between Jewish guides, Palestinian drivers, and Christian pilgrims. I identify the 'colors'—or moral values—of salaries, tips, and commissions that change hands as 'white', 'black', or 'gray' monies and correlate these colors with particular discourses and degrees of transparency. I then illustrate how prayer, rituals, and the citation of scripture may 'bleach' these monies, transforming tips into 'love offerings' and souvenir purchases into aids to spiritual development or charity to local communities, while fostering relationships and conveying messages across religious and cultural lines. Far from being a universal 'acid' that taints human relationships, pilgrimage monies demonstrate how, through the exchange of goods, people are able to create and maintain spiritual values.

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An Ethics of Response

Protestant Christians’ Relation with God and Elsewheres

Ingie Hovland

bazaars’, and donated the money to the mission—most often to the Norwegian Missionary Society. However, the female teachers in Kristiania felt strongly skeptical of this. They were not opposed to crafts per se, but they did not want crafts at their new

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Weapons for Witnessing

American Street Preaching and the Rhythms of War

Kyle Byron

Crowd Open Air Preaching without Money: Trivia, Magic Tricks, and Other Bait and Switch Tactics—Shock and Awe Preaching,” Jesse Morrell introduces viewers to the concept: “Now, the term shock and awe preaching might sound controversial. It sounds

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Dream-Realities

Rematerializing Martyrs and the Missing Soldiers of the Iran-Iraq War

Sana Chavoshian

pilgrims who were in such need. The pilgrims who received such grants would not consider the money as charity, but as a gift from Polarak. The offerings would take place after reading testaments to Polarak's saintly interventions in venerators’ lives. 8

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Amy Binning

-Tibetan Culture , ed. Lokesh Chandra . New Delhi : International Academy of Indian Culture . Smyer Yü , Dan . 2012 . The Spread of Tibetan Buddhism in China: Charisma, Money, Enlightenment . London : Routledge . Sullivan , Randall . 2009