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Latin America and COVID-19

Political Rights and Presidential Leadership to the Test

Brigitte Weiffen

Abstract

Latin America was hit by COVID-19 in a moment of (socio-)economic distress and political unrest. This essay reflects on the immediate repercussions of the COVID-19 crisis for democracy in the region. It expounds how responding to the pandemic put to the test the still consolidating democracies with their long-standing defects in the areas of political and civil rights and horizontal accountability. In the course of coping with the crisis, it is precisely in these problem areas that additional risks for democracy have arisen due to infringements of political rights and the performance of presidents. Regarding the latter, the ambiguities of presidential leadership become particularly evident when comparing pragmatic and populist responses to the crisis.

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Lauri Rapeli and Inga Saikkonen

the electorate (on this, see, for example, Markowski and Tworzecki 2020 ; Svolik 2019 ). The grave public health and economic consequences of the pandemic may seriously dent the “performance legitimacy” of these regimes, and can undermine the regimes

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Democracy in a Global Emergency

Five Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Afsoun Afsahi, Emily Beausoleil, Rikki Dean, Selen A. Ercan, and Jean-Paul Gagnon

a situation in which relative government performance can be measured in such a visceral way as the graphs of excess deaths that the Financial Times or the Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center have, for instance, updated daily throughout the

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Narmala Halstead

in terms of the contrasts to the disciplinary measures to contain contagion during the seventeenth-century plague in a town. While dissimilar in modes, there are certain resonances in the control mechanisms and ‘disorder’ performances which arose

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Centralized or Decentralized

Which Governance Systems are Having a “Good” Pandemic?

Jennifer Gaskell and Gerry Stoker

the ground. Local authorities in England have through the austerity measures of the last decade lost a great deal of capacity. NHS bodies seemed tied up by a complex system that seems to discourage initiative in favor of regulation and performance

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Who Governs in Deep Crises?

The Case of Germany

Wolfgang Merkel

-19 crisis has had—and will have—on democracy, economy, and society. What is needed is a multi-sectoral set of indicators to be able to measure the overall performances of the governments cross-nationally. This article will focus on the impact of

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Ethnographic witnessing

Or, hope is the first anthropological emotion

Carole McGranahan

ethnographic witnessing is, as anthropologist and performance artist Gina Athena Ulysse (2015) puts it, a means of engaging the visceral in the structural so that processes of inequality and dehumanisation can be named and challenged. Witnessing is moral

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COVID-19 as method

Managing the ubiquity of waste and waste-collectors in India

Tridibesh Dey

-political performances of responsible citizenship ( Hawkins 2001 ). Yet, the mission also revealed socio-economic fault lines among the population of the country. It led to citizen vigilantism ( Doron 2016 ; Luthra 2018 ) and stringent policing of the public space. This