The underground provides many spatial planning opportunities as it offers space for structures, but also functions as a resource for energy. To guide developments and use the capabilities the underground provides, the Dutch national government started a policy process for the Structuurvisie Ondergrond (a master plan). Stakeholders are involved in the policy process because of the many interests linked to underground functions. However, past policy processes related to the underground dealt with lack of stakeholder satisfaction. This article explores a quantitative approach by focusing on (a) statistical testing of four criteria of interactive governance and (b) using said criteria to evaluate the satisfaction of stakeholders in a policy process. This article highlights the usefulness of a more quantitative approach and provides new insights into the relation between interactive governance and the procedural satisfaction of stakeholders. It also provides insights that help to improve interactive governance in terms of process management to achieve greater procedural satisfaction.
Ehsan Nouzari, Thomas Hartmann, and Tejo Spit
Laurent J.G. van der Maesen
rationale of political/legal, economic, cultural, and environmental processes in societies that aim to cope with their interpretations of mainstream contemporary challenges. The distinction between these processes concerns the main subject of the procedural
On 3 and 4 April 2005, elections were held to elect the councils of 13 of
the 15 ordinary regions. In Basilicata the election took place two weeks
later, on 17 and 18 April, to allow the Unità Popolare list to take part in
the campaign. This list had initially been barred from running because
of procedural defects in the presentation of its lists of candidates, but
it was later readmitted by the Council of State. In Molise, on the other
hand, no election was held because in June 2001 the Council of State
had invalidated the regional election of the previous year on the ground
that some lists (Democratic Union for Europe, Greens, Italian Democratic
Socialists, and Party of Italian Communists) had been allowed to
run despite not having satisfied the requirements. This required holding
a new election, which took place in November 2001.
A cultural neurohermeneutic account
This essay answers the question: what is interpretation? It does so by proposing that interpretation involves certain brain operations. These utilize perceptual and procedural culture stored in neural networks. The parts of the brain performing interpretation are said to constitute a cultural neurohermenetic system, hypothesized to function according to an interpretive hierarchy. It is argued that such an approach has two benefits. The first of these is to provide a non-sociobiological, non-reductionist way of analyzing interactions between culture and biology. The second benefit is to provide conceptual tools for explaining how the micro-realm within individuals (I-space) makes connections in the macro-realm (E-space) of events in social forms. Conceptualization of such connections forms a basis for a variety of social analysis termed complex string being theory.
Workings and Imagery
Within Europe and beyond, the centenary of the Great War began to be commemorated in 2014. As with any act of retelling history and re-creating memories, the events orchestrated around this centenary involve a certain tailoring of narratives and a process of forgetting that reflects more on the present milieu than the past. As noted by the sociologist and philosopher Elena Esposito, recent neurophysiological findings posit memory ‘as a procedural capability realizing a constant recategorisation’. Especially relevant for this issue of European Comic Art is her claim that the memory of society as a whole ‘is constituted, first of all, by the mass media and ruled by their always changing forms’. As emphasised by the articles in this issue, popular media during and after the First World War (music hall, illustrated magazines, comics, cartoons, pulps) were propagators of images that have persisted, often with altered significance, into our times.
Mark Chou and Jean-Paul Gagnon
proceduralism. The second article by Robert Farneti explores the shift from fractionalization to polarization in democratic theory and the epistemic leap scholars make from the realm of facts to the realm of normative problems. His article thus engages with
the void that liberal democracy had created with its sacrifice of a shared sense of the good among citizens in favor of a procedural democracy that focuses on rights, it was easy for religious visions of the good to fill the vacuum that had been
embedding in society. In this context, theories of democratic deepening, such as through formal extensions of procedural rights through bargaining processes ( O'Donnell 2001 ; Whitehead 2002 ; Haagh 2002 , 2012 ), also get us only part of the way. For
Nonrecording as a civil boundary
when they do not have the required identity documents that allow them to sign a contract is an example. These procedural practices show the state’s ability to enact its sovereign power by shifting the responsibility of official recording to individuals
The Evolution of 20 Years of Social Quality Thinking
transformations (see Figure 1 ). The first version of Figure 1 was published five years ago ( Van der Maesen 2013 ). Further hypothesized is that with the help of this analytical procedural and instrumental approach, issues of sustainability can be connected