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What Is Old Is New Again

Jeff Horn

Through a variety of disciplinary lenses, this innovative forum, coedited with Victoria Thompson, investigates a particular cultural space and time, namely the emergence of proto–roller coasters known as montagnes russes or “Russian mountains” in Paris in 1817. Peggy Davis, Sun-Young Park, and Christine Haynes depict the early years of the Restoration (1814/1815–1830) as a liminal moment in the emergence of modernity. Although this forum began as a panel at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for French Historical Studies, the authors have extended and improved their pieces significantly. Taken together, they show that as foreigners flocked to Paris and the French adjusted to diminished circumstances in the aftermath of Napoleon’s second defeat, identities were in flux. This forum explores how and why the montagnes russes became such a cultural phenomenon and suggests their role in forging a new French identity in the wake of war and revolution.

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This issue of Theoria marks a decade of democracy in South Africa. Invited to reflect on the process and challenge of building a modern liberal democracy and on progress towards social justice since 1994, the contributors have responded with detailed and in-depth analyses of a range of pertinent issues, from public institutions, national reform strategies, popular perceptions and moral responsibility to philosophical ideals, educational reforms, political participation and unrepudiated injustices. Beyond apartheid, beyond the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and beyond party politics, greater and more inclusive social justice, if not immediately within reach, is certainly attainable: through the equalization and redistribution of access to resources, through reparations for injustices, through respect for rights and recognition of obligations, through compromise, sympathy, socialization and debate, and through making sense of change, both symbolically and practically. Most of all, justice will be served, and democracy advanced, by promoting, widening and multiplying spaces and opportunities for people to conceptualize and act upon social transformation in new and different ways.

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Linda Mitchell and Brian Newsome

across space and time. Séverine, the subject of Mulvey’s essay, attempted suicide, and the lives of both Séverine and Palmyre—the lynchpin of Choquette’s article—intersected with World War I. We are pleased that such a fine issue includes the work of

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Policing the French Empire

Colonial Law Enforcement and the Search for Racial-Territorial Hegemony

Samuel Kalman

/roundups, authorities governed imperial space through an omnipresent legal framework. 6 Hence it is essential to engage in a detailed study of French colonial law enforcement/judiciary/prisons to fully comprehend the specifically Gallic system and its ultimate

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

’s relationship with time and space in terms of the imaginary they produce. Her discussion of A.-H. Navon’s 1925 novel Joseph Perez: Juifs du ghetto provides a rare window into the gaze of someone from outside of Europe—in this case an Ottoman Jewish immigrant

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Some Senses of Pan-Africanism from the South

Christopher Allsobrook

‘Pro-Africanism’ is needed to meet the challenge of Afro-modernity, which must find space in traditional African conceptions of the social self for independent subjectivity, diversity and critical questioning. Africans are not traditionally integrated

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History, Violence, and Steven Pinker

Mark S. Micale and Philip Dwyer

included were space limitations not a concern. Not all of the scholars included in this journal agree on everything, but the overall verdict is that Pinker’s thesis, for all the stimulus it may have given to discussions around violence, is seriously, if not

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France’s Great War from the Edge

Susan B. Whitney

others have demonstrated, participation in the French war effort had a series of far-reaching consequences for colonial societies, peoples, and spaces. 13 In Tunisia, the final years of the war and the immediate postwar period saw numerous attacks on

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Maša Mrovlje and Jennet Kirkpatrick

impossibility of separating the bloody moments of revolution from the constitution of the political community as a space of public freedom. Correm's paper thus not only offers innovative readings of the two most prominent twentieth-century theorists thinking the