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Wolfgang Beck, Jan Berting, Peter Herrmann, Thomas Lenk, Ota de Leonardis, Laurent J.G. van der Maesen, Iñigo Sagardoy de Simón, Ivan Svetlik, Zsusza Széman, Volkmar Teichmann, Göran Therborn, Christiane Villain-Gandossi, Alan Walker, and Sue Yeandle

Notes on contributors

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This issue of Transfers features five individual essays critically engaging with the promises promoted alongside new methods and purposes of mobility. Two essays, Martin Emanuel’s “From Victim to Villain: Cycling, Traffic Policy, and Spatial Conflicts in Stockholm, circa 1980” and Andrew V. Clark and colleagues’ “The Rise and Fall of the Segway: Lessons for the Social Adoption of Future Transportation,” circle around a core theme of Transfers with their fresh look at transportation, its vehicles, and its methods; two others, Noah Goodall’s “More Than Trolleys: Plausible, Ethically Ambiguous Scenarios Likely to Be Encountered by Automated Vehicles” and Gal Hertz’s “From Epistemology of Suspicion to Racial Profiling: Hans Gross, Mobility and Crime around 1900,” look at mobility’s social side. Fascinatingly consistent are the adjectives and adverbs that qualify the promises that are made for these technologies. Segways, for instance, were sustainable, enviro-friendly, shared. Smart, personalized, and robotic are some of the commonly invoked terms in the growing literature on this particular PMD (personal mobility device). Adverbial are the benefits of automated driving too: safe and liberating, both values desired by a nineteenth-century urbanized Austrian society that imagined the city as a space of settled inhabitants free of migrants and hence also free of crimes.

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Ted Nannicelli

psychology to develop an account of our engagement with antipathetic characters in narrative film – that is, with villains. Again, Smith's work is an especial influence here; Kjeldgaard-Christiansen takes Smith's well-known “structure of sympathy” as a

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Drawing Stereotypes

Europe and East Asia in Russian Political Caricature, 1900–1905

Zachary Hoffman

satirical depictions of Russia's imperial rivals in its print culture. Cheap illustrated popular prints and posters (known as lubki ) circulated images of European and Japanese villains together with Russian heroes to the literate and semiliterate lower

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Sabina Barone, Veronika Bernard, Teresa S Büchsel, Leslie Fesenmyer, Bruce Whitehouse, Petra Molnar, Bonny Astor, and Olga R. Gulina

the day-to-day struggle of working, commuting, and living in poverty. However, it also constructs migrants as victims or villains, providing very few counter-examples to these stereotypes. Despite his stated distrust of statistics, Judah peppers his

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Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

forces radically different from the portrayal of ex-combatants as a security threat, calling forth dichotomies of a nation and its oppressor, the good and the bad, heroes and villains. As put by President Hifikepunye Pohamba, for example, “it was natural

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Hope Chest

Demythologizing Girlhood in Kate Bernheimer’s Trilogy

Catriona McAra

must be a villain: however, The Complete Tales of Merry Gold indicated that reflexive subjectivity can be a false mistress. (2009: 145) Such lapses in memory evoke trauma. In this trilogy, themes of child abuse and pedophilia provide a subliminal

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“Like Alice, I was Brave”

The Girl in the Text in Olemaun’s Residential School Narratives

Roxanne Harde

continually comforts herself with the book, aligning herself with Alice and the nuns with the villains. “I pulled my favorite book from underneath my pillow and imagined the Raven in the role of the Queen of Hearts” (2010: 67). In both picturebook, When I Was

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Introduction

Pegida as a European Far-Right Populist Movement

Helga Druxes and Patricia Anne Simpson

, Poland, Hungary, and beyond. She draws attention to their frequent use of scapegoating: “sometimes the Bad Apple frame is used by referring to an alleged villain within the opposition or in a stigmatized minority group; or a conspiracy is constructed as

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Neutrality in foreign aid

Shifting contexts, shifting meanings—examples from South Sudan

Elżbieta Drążkiewicz

considered a “state bureaucrat” and was often depicted as a villain (on state-nonstate conflict in Poland, see Drążkiewicz 2016 ). She frequently experienced the presumptions made by NGOs about their state counterparts and felt them to be damaging and unfair