On 9 May 1950, in an elegant salon of the Quai d’Orsay in Paris, France’s Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposed that France and Germany, plus any other democratic nation in Western Europe that wanted to join, establish a “community” to regulate and govern the coal and steel industries across national borders. France and Germany had been at, or preparing for, war for most of the nineteenth and twentieth century, at huge costs to millions of citizens. Moreover, in 1950 iron and steel remained central to national economic success and war-making power. The Schuman Plan therefore clearly spoke to deeper issues.
Are the Founding Ideas Obsolete?
Isabelle Petit and George Ross
Allan Mitchell, 1933—2016
Allan Mitchell, the renowned historian of Franco-German relations in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, passed away on 30 October 2016, after an operation from which he sadly did not recover. Allan was among those historians whose contributions
Edited by H. C.
of Peter Gourevitch’s grandparents, who as refugees first from Stalin’s Russia and then from Hitler’s Germany also found themselves trapped in Pétain’s France. Stories such as these echo all too loudly in Europe today, with its current debates over
Comics, Memory, and Cultural Representations of 17 October 1961
journalists recorded the events they witnessed on the streets on 17 October, leading to some coverage in mainstream and radical newspapers, such as the left-wing, anti-colonial France-Observateur . Countries such as the USA, Britain, and Germany, receiving
Writing History and the Social Sciences with Ivan Jablonka
in the minds of Hitler, Himmler, Heydrich, or his generals. But we can indeed say why, for example, and on the basis of what ideological and strategic logic, Nazi Germany invaded Poland then proceeded to decimate the human infrastructure of the Polish
Historicizing the Gallic Singularity
Jean Elisabeth Pedersen
women's suffrage and the woman question in locations as varied as the United States, England, Germany, Scandinavia, and Turkey, she devoted the bulk of her analysis of “the original course taken by feminism in France and its distance from the Anglo
Owen White and Elizabeth Heath
Imperial Germany (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). 9 For a sense of the scholarly work in this field, see Jonathan Curry-Machado, ed., Global Histories, Imperial Commodities, Local Interactions (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). 10
, but there is an increasing preference to speak of resistance in France, or even resistances in France, as we question the conceptual utility of Frenchness when talking about what happened between 1940 and 1944. French resistance to the German
A White Republic? Whites and Whiteness in France
Mathilde Cohen and Sarah Mazouz
proud Whites” ( jeunes blancs décomplexés ). Entitled “Paris: The Jewish Terrorists Cohen and Mazouz of the EHESS Theorize Racial War against Whites,” the post featured our headshots adorned with yellow star badges and the German word for Jew written in