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Race in France

Laura Frader

An American scholar is often struck by the absence of race in France as a category of analysis or the absence of discussions of race in its historical or sociological dimensions. After all, “race” on this side of the Atlantic, for reasons having to do with the peculiar history of the United States, has long been a focus of discussion. The notion of race has shaped scholarly analysis for decades, in history, sociology, and political science. Race also constitutes a category regularly employed by the state, in the census, in electoral districting, and in affirmative action. In France, on the contrary, race hardly seems acknowledged, in spite of both scholarly and governmental preoccupation with racism and immigration.

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French Color Blindness in Perspective

The Controversy over "Statistiques Ethniques"

Daniel Sabbagh and Shanny Peer

In the United States, while some race-based policies such as affirmative action have faced often successful political and legal challenges over the last quartercentury, historically, the very principle of official racial classification has met with much less resistance. The Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution’s Fourteenth Amendment, according to which “no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws,” was not originally intended to incorporate a general rule of “color blindness.” And when in California, in 2003, the “Racial Privacy Initiative” led to a referendum on a measure—Proposition 54—demanding that “the state shall not classify any individual by race, ethnicity, color or national origin,” this restriction was meant to apply exclusively to the operation of public education, public contracting or public employment, that is, the three sites where affirmative action was once in effect and might be reinstated at some point, or so the proponents of that initiative feared. In any case, that measure was roundly defeated at the polls.

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Index To Volume 33 (2015)

compromis particulier (Vol. 33, No. 3, 24) MANAGAN, Kathe . “One Hand Washes the Other”: Social Capital and the Politics of Leisure in Guadeloupean Associations (Vol. 33, No. 3, 75) MARKER, Emily . Obscuring Race: Franco-African Conversations about

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Existentialism is an Antiracism

T Storm Heter

of Belle's major contributions to the philosophy of existence, including her challenge to the “class over race and gender” analysis, her formulation of “the white problem,” and her take on Sartre's skepticism of the white, liberal ally. Belle reminds

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Abstracts

, at home, and in migration, intersections of race, gender, and class, contrasts between rural and urban areas, or the multiple role of religious identities and legal statuses. Reconstructing those social realities will require new archives, of labor

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Editorial

Edited by H. C.

intellectual territory, and the journal has done so as well, in recent years giving special attention, for example, to French colonial history and its postcolonial consequences; to French-speaking societies outside Europe; to issues of gender, sexuality, race

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Introduction: The French Empire and the History of Economic Life

Owen White and Elizabeth Heath

of racial ideologies that in turn did much to determine ethnic preferences for particular types of labor. 40 In this way a political economy of race fed into the elaboration of myths about the supposedly in-built aptitudes of Kabyle workers vis

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Memorial

Allan Mitchell, 1933—2016

Volker Berghahn

in his next book, The Great Train Race: Railways and the Franco-German Rivalry, 1815–1914 , published in 2000 after years of research in often remote archives. Having agonized quite a lot over how to structure his comparison, he decided to look at

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Representations of Women in the French Imaginary

Historicizing the Gallic Singularity

Jean Elisabeth Pedersen

individual” to “express its particular relation to a group (a sex, an age, a race, a sexual preference),” she devoted the final lines of Les mots des femmes to the praise of the ten French women whose work she had featured as an alternative: “The words they

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Introduction

A White Republic? Whites and Whiteness in France

Mathilde Cohen and Sarah Mazouz

advertising the event beyond a narrow circle of friends and colleagues for fear of stirring up controversy. Though critical race theory and critical Whiteness studies have made forays into French academia, they remain marginal forms of inquiry in a country in