This article discusses the persistent deployment of racial stereotypes in contemporary stand-up comedy and its potential hegemonic or counter-hegemonic effects. It asks whether racial stereotypes should be avoided or condemned altogether, considering the risks of interpretative ambiguity and offensiveness, or, alternatively, whether there are specific performative strategies and conditions that might make racial stereotype humour a powerful weapon in the anti-racist toolbox. As regards the first, several critiques are considered and it is shown that racial stereotype humour, and its reception, may harbour multiple, subtle forms of racism. In terms of defences, racial stereotype humour’s role of discharging stubborn psycho-affective investments is highlighted, as well as its function as ‘subversive play’. The article further pays special attention to aspects of audience reception (such as issues of missed subtlety and ‘clever’ laughter) and the importance of the comic’s racial positionality in performing racial stereotypes.
What Could Go Wrong?
The Political History of ‘Risk-Versus-Reward’ Investment in Emerging Markets
foundation of the financial system ( Ingrassia 1998 ). Such descriptions of credit entailed ‘many associations of negative and stereotypically female qualities [like] avaricious sexuality, emotional instability [and] hysteria’ (Ingrassia quoted in de Goede
Developing Donald Davidson's Ideas in International Political Theory
truth ( Gunnell 2020 ) – but what he rejected were rather the established varieties of these theories. Davidson did not follow stereotypical realism and mentalism: language represents neither ‘an independent world’ nor ‘private thought’ ( Gunnell 2020