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The racial fix

White currency in the gentrification of black and Latino Chicago

Jesse Mumm

Abstract

In Chicago, real estate value is fixed by race through the process of gentrification. I present findings from an ethnography of the black, Mexican, and Puerto Rican neighborhoods of the greater West Side. Gentrification here is a “racial fix”: a consensus-building process to inflate value in a speculative market reliant on the historical legacies of racism. The white flight era devalued neighborhoods now facing speculation and hyperinflation as increased global investment, debt culture, and debt financing fuel the growth machine. The discourses of residents, randomized survey results, and a built environment scan show that property value corresponds more to white residence than material improvement. White people cultivate the currency of whiteness through gentrification to build social status, capital, and the city of their dreams.

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'Worklessness'

A Family Portrait

Gillian Evans

Inspired by the examples of Stewart (1996) and Weston (2009), this article is an experiment in narrative form. It portrays the 'cultural poetics' (Stewart 1996) of lives lived in and through experiences of poverty in contemporary London and considers the potential of long-term participant-observation fieldwork, and the development of relations of mutual obligation in the field, to create a collaborative anthropology de fined by a politics of mutually transformative action. The article enters into debate about the effects of changing structural inequalities, which differentially impact on the post-industrial urban neighbourhoods of the U.S.A., the U.K. and Europe (Waquant 2008; 2012). Waquant's work is taken to be a rallying cry for Europe and the U.K. to wake up from the American Dream of neo-liberalism. The 'utter desolation' (Waquant 2012: 66) of life in the worst of the U.S.A.'s post-industrial urban housing projects and, to an extent, in France, demands a reaction from and suggests (especially post-August 2011 riots), that the time is now to debate how to prevent further deterioration in British cities. The article should be read as two parts in conversation with each other. The first section is an experiment in narrative form and hence the reader is asked to bear with and consider the fruitfulness of the departure from conventional scholarly form. In the second part of the article academic insight is drawn out in more standardized form, with a more usual engagement with literature, highlighting of relevant points and movement towards the formation of argument.

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Introduction

Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Children in the Middle East

Erika Friedl and Abderrahmane Moussaoui

included in this issue are different in that they are written by people who take a very engaged position vis-à-vis the works they are introducing. Roxanne Varzi uses in very sublime language in writing about the Syrian filmmaker’s book The Dream , and we

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Ulrike Guérot and Michael Hunklinger

Europeanization. Europe has long lost its utopian potential, a dream of itself. In his book Memory and the Future of Europe, Peter Verovšek (2020) explains that the EU in which we have lived for the past 70 years is ultimately only the result of collective

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

malaise. While belligerent nationalist discourses were undeniably prominent during this period, other discourses, founded on new hopes and dreams, were rooted in the desire to promote both mutual coexistence and a respect for difference. The fall of the

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Introduction

Cinemas of Boyhood Part II

Timothy Shary

canonical boyhood study, Pather Panchali , in 1955 . Boys’ experiences—and often suffering—continued to be the subjects of films beyond the European market, such as Pixote ( Brazil, 1981 ), Village of Dreams (Japan, 1996) , Children of Heaven (Iran

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Dangerous speculation

The appeal of pyramid schemes in rural Siberia

Leonie Schiffauer

2005 ). Money was no longer the medium of exchange that it had been during Soviet times, but it became an object of constant concern as much as of great fascination ( Lemon 1998 ). Moneymaking schemes encouraged people to dream of a better future, and

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A Social Negotiation of Hope

Male West African Youth, ‘Waithood’ and the Pursuit of Social Becoming through Football

Christian Ungruhe and James Esson

form of popular entertainment coalesces with a geographical imagination that conflates social mobility with certain places, which, in turn, cultivates the dreams of thousands of young West Africans to migrate to Europe and become professional

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Circling around the really Real in Iran

Ethnography of Muharram laments among Shi'i volunteer militants in the Middle East

Younes Saramifar

. My questions about this new style seemed to agitate him, but he eventually relaxed and said: “It was a dream, I don't remember whose dream, but it became famous. A man of God dreamed that Fatimah [the daughter of Prophet Muhammad and mother of Hussain

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Hugo Frey and Laurike in ‘t Veld

geographically the attention of the issue shifts from Spain to France to the United Kingdom. Nonetheless, there are explicit and implicit conversations that connect the articles, which we will dwell on a little further in this editorial. From Picasso’s The Dream