a viable option (see also F. Hastrup, this volume). This trend has continued until the present, with subsidies encouraging larger yields and larger production units. But the dreams of prosperity can be traced back to the late 1940s when subsidies for
The Rise and Fall of Farming in Varanger
Marianne Elisabeth Lien
A Society of Justice and Charity
This essay explores a key issue in Durkheim’s work, namely the relationship between justice and charity, and argues that the key to this, in turn, is to be found in an analysis of the gift. Beginning with his early lycée lectures and their account of justice and charity in relation to the moral law, it goes on to suggest that throughout his work there is an underlying concern with the gift – even or especially in his concern with the contract. This is evident in his vision of a society based on a ‘spontaneous’ division of labour, as well as in his critique of the inequalities built into existing society through the institution of inheritance. But the essay also draws on modern French discussions of the gift, and their concern with issues of mutuality, reciprocity and recognition. This helps to identify the approach to the gift that underlies Durkheim’s sociology, and to bring out its interest and importance.
royal investors when the ships returned with a cargo of pyrite, also called fool's gold. This early dream of an unexplored Arctic Eldorado beyond Europe has lived on in various forms. Since 2004, exploration activities leading to the establishment of a
White currency in the gentrification of black and Latino Chicago
In Chicago, real estate value is fixed by race through the process of gentrification. I present findings from an ethnography of the black, Mexican, and Puerto Rican neighborhoods of the greater West Side. Gentrification here is a “racial fix”: a consensus-building process to inflate value in a speculative market reliant on the historical legacies of racism. The white flight era devalued neighborhoods now facing speculation and hyperinflation as increased global investment, debt culture, and debt financing fuel the growth machine. The discourses of residents, randomized survey results, and a built environment scan show that property value corresponds more to white residence than material improvement. White people cultivate the currency of whiteness through gentrification to build social status, capital, and the city of their dreams.
The appeal of pyramid schemes in rural Siberia
2005 ). Money was no longer the medium of exchange that it had been during Soviet times, but it became an object of constant concern as much as of great fascination ( Lemon 1998 ). Moneymaking schemes encouraged people to dream of a better future, and
Ethnography of Muharram laments among Shi'i volunteer militants in the Middle East
. My questions about this new style seemed to agitate him, but he eventually relaxed and said: “It was a dream, I don't remember whose dream, but it became famous. A man of God dreamed that Fatimah [the daughter of Prophet Muhammad and mother of Hussain
African traders and the nondocumenting states
of undocumented Africans, who are racialized as undesirable foreigners by public media. What color is the Chinese dream? Despite the rapid diversification of its international population, China still denies its status as an immigrant country. There is
Most academics that I know take it for granted that higher education in capitalist countries has become deeply corporatised over the last thirty years. But as an undergraduate student in the 1990s, dreaming of joining the ranks of the professoriate, the institutional and structural changes that were transforming the university were largely hidden from my view. Looking back, I had no idea how such trends might be impacting the men and women who excited my intellect and set me on an academic path. I did not even think to ask.
Class mobility and the reproduction of academics in Burkina Faso
present-day students dream. Furthermore, one of the concept’s critiques, which argues that the term promotes the rapacious consumerism of the African elites who represent that “mobile Afropolitan class” (raised by, e.g., Dabiri 2014 , 2016 ; Gehrmann
Desire for the political in the aftermath of the Cold War
Dace Dzenovska and Nicholas De Genova
solidarity in Europe. There is a parallel sense of loss of a “translocal vehicle for local dreams” in the places formerly known as the Third World ( Prashad 2007 ). Notably, this sense of loss is accompanied by a persistent search for incipient political