Whether in the supermarket, university, airport, or shopping mall, we constantly encounter private security agents in our daily lives. This growing presence of private security across the globe has received ample scholarly attention over the past
Ethnographies of Private Security
Erella Grassiani and Tessa Diphoorn
Reconfigurations of public and private
Rosie Read and Tatjana Thelen
State frameworks for welfare and social security have been subject to processes of privatization, decentralization, and neoliberal reform in many parts of the world. This article explores how these developments might be theorized using anthropological understandings of social security in combination with feminist perspectives on care. In its application to post-1989 socioeconomic transformation in the former socialist region, this perspective overcomes the conceptual inadequacies of the "state withdrawal" model. It also illuminates the nuanced ways in which public and private (as spaces, subjectivities, institutions, moralities, and practices) re-emerge and change in the socialist era as well as today, continually shaping the trajectories and outcomes of reforms to care and social security.
Anticommunism, crisis, and the transformation of labor in Bulgaria
and their use of terms like “reds” and “communists” in the context of privatization and the transformation of power relations on the shop floor. Similar to other formerly socialist countries, the process of privatizing state enterprises revealed a wide
Historical Obstacles, Current Situation, Future Challenges
Dan Podjed, Meta Gorup, and Alenka Bezjak Mlakar
multiculturalism in non-governmental and non-profit organisations, their counterparts in the private, for-profit sector remain a less common species. At first glance, such a situation may seem surprising since anthropology is – and should unquestionably remain – a
Heritage politics and private military contractors in Iraq
Maria Theresia Starzmann
The practice of archaeologists and other heritage specialists to embed with the US military in Iraq has received critical attention from anthropologists. Scholars have highlighted the dire consequences of such a partnership for cultural heritage protection by invoking the imperialist dimension of archaeological knowledge production. While critical of state power and increasingly of militarized para-state actors like the self-proclaimed Islamic State, these accounts typically eclipse other forms of collaboration with non-state organizations, such as private military and security companies (PMSCs). Focusing on the central role of private contractors in the context of heritage missions in Iraq since 2003, I demonstrate that the war economy's exploitative regime in regions marked by violent conflict is intensified by the growth of the military-industrial complex on a global scale. Drawing on data from interviews conducted with archaeologists working in the Middle East, it becomes clear how archaeology and heritage work prop up the coloniality of power by tying cultural to economic forms of control.
Throughout 2008, the crisis of Alitalia filled the headlines and the news
programs as the state-owned airline lurched closer to final bankruptcy,
while politicians, unionists, and business leaders argued and negotiated
over its fate. It was one of the principal issues of the election campaign:
Silvio Berlusconi came out strongly against the proposed sale of
the company to Air France-KLM, vowing to keep the airline in Italian
hands. He eventually induced an Italian consortium to step in and take
over the company, but in January 2009 the new Alitalia signed a partnership
agreement with Air France-KLM, which made the Franco-Dutch
company the largest single shareholder and was very possibly a prelude
to a future takeover. In the meantime, however, Berlusconi’s efforts to
preserve the appearance of Italian control cost the taxpayers up to 4 billion
euros more than the original deal with Air France.
African immigrants in twentieth-century Spain and Indians in nineteenth-century Ecuador
The article simultaneously explores three lines of reflection and analysis woven around the comparative reverberations (in space and time) between citizenship and the administration of populations (states of exception) in the Republic of Ecuador during the nineteenth century and the Kingdom of Spain in the twenty century. The first thread tries to answer the question whether it is possible for concepts generated in a country of the Global South to be used usefully in analyzing a different Northern reality, inverting the usual direction in the flows of transfer and importation of “theory.“ The second theme of comparative reverberation explores a network of concepts concerning the citizenship of common sense and the administration of populations, that is the “back-patio“ aspect of citizenship, particularly its historical formation in the domination of populations in the Republic of Ecuador during the nineteenth century. It is centered on the process of identification in the daily exchanges between interpares citizens and extrapares non-citizens. The last section involves testing concepts forged in the author's studies of Ecuadorian history for their utility in analyzing the current situation of modern sub-Saharan immigrants in Spain (using concrete examples), and their reclusion to the private sphere in spaces of exception and abandonment. Here, the article concentrates on the difference between the public administration of populations and the private administration of citizens. The article uses documentary material relating to nineteenth-century Ecuador and twentieth-century Spain and Senegal.
Rethinking public-private relationships
Carmen Maganda and Olivier Petit
Talking about environmental and natural resources (ENR) governance today is generally related to the search for holistic elements to achieve sustainability. Political ecology clearly points out and debates the need to see ENR, particularly those related to vital necessities, as global public goods. It sounds like an easy equation: How can we achieve sustainability without sharing access, costs, benefits, and of course governance of ENR needed for all human activities? However, as logical as it seems, development inequalities and unregulated market relationships on the management of these resources are still predominant. Therefore, environmental governance and sustainability is still one of the major contemporary global challenges.
Neoliberal restructuring, racial politics, and resistance in post-Katrina New Orleans
Mathilde Lind Gustavussen
This isn’t just about John Mac. It’s about the survival of this city and all its citizens. The private industries have come in and they’re reducing our city to be a poor city where our kids, at-risk kids, get no help. If your parent had an emergency
Foreign Governesses in Wallachia in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
1889, she decided to move to Romania to work in a private school. The plan seemed a “rash undertaking” 2 to them, as this was still largely unknown territory among Westerners. By then, Romania had emerged from the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire under