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Thomas K. Hubbard

Adolescent sexuality has been at the forefront of the recent “Culture Wars,” as is clear from the many news stories and political battles over issues such as sex education, teen pregnancy and STDs, Child Sexual Abuse, enhanced legal regulation of sex offenders, pedophiles on the internet, “sexting” and child pornography. On the one hand adolescents today are more sexually mature than at most historical periods: physical puberty occurs ever earlier (Moller, 1987), while children’s capacity to access the same media as adults grows ever more sophisticated. Already in 1982, Neil Postman presciently observed that electronic media had obliterated the historical technological superiority of literate adults relative to not‐yet‐fully-literate children (Postman, 1982). At that point, he was thinking mainly of television, but his observation has become even more true in the digital age, when adolescents are often the ones teaching their parents and grandparents. 1982 had not yet grasped what would be the ubiquity of MTV or cheap, highly graphic visual pornography in many parents’ closets, or if not there, on their kids’ computer screens. Children have become the most clever at accessing media at precisely the time when popular media culture is more saturated with verbal, musical, and visual images of sexuality than ever before.

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Conflicts in Children’s Everyday Lives

Fresh Perspectives on Protracted Crisis in Lebanon

Erik van Ommering

we all dream about leaving Lebanon …’ . Studying Young People in Conflict-affected Societies One feature that stands out in the above vignette is that ‘wars’ are only one of many factors children list as negative. Their perspective resonates strongly

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Introduction

Reading Primers and Political Change in European Countries around 1945

Wendelin Sroka and Simona Szakács-Behling

This introduction addresses the origins, general assumptions and intentions of the special issue. The guest editors show how reading primers published and used around the end of the Second World War in several European countries may serve as an object of study in different disciplinary contexts. They present a broad working definition of the reading primer as an educational medium that lends itself to interdisciplinary research which takes into account aspects such as visual and textual content, materiality, and societal contexts of production, distribution and usage. The editors further highlight characteristics of current research into primers and argue in favor of more comparative approaches that reveal transnational dimensions of textbooks designed to teach children how to read and write.

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Introduction

Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Children in the Middle East

Erika Friedl and Abderrahmane Moussaoui

research and publications more than any other topic. Although the age group of children and teens constitutes nearly half of the population of most Middle Eastern countries and features large in the visual reports and images we get of war, poverty and

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Rethinking World War I

Occupation, Liberation, and Reconstruction

George Robb and W. Brian Newsome

The centennial of World War I has brought forth an explosion of new history books, articles, conferences, exhibits, and documentaries, of which this special issue of Historical Reflections/R é flexions Historiques is but one example. This has also

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including birth incentives and marriage loans. All French citizens were obligated to join the FFO, thereby making the colony’s French children a collective responsibility. Those who lacked sufficient numbers of qualifying French children were required to pay

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Diederik F. Janssen

, and Boys’ Roles in World War I,” Lucy Andrew sheds a historical light on Scouts different from Baxter’s by interpreting idealized images of the male body in Lord Baden-Powell’s 1908 Scouting for Boys (1908) and editions of his movement’s official

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Erika Friedl

consumption since the turn of the twenty-first century – all tempered by self-critical humour and humanist Persian values such as empathy ( delsuzi ) and mutual support. 3 One of my ethnographic goals was the documentation of the children’s culture. This was

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Editorial

Historical Perspectives – Theory and Practices

The Editors

Catholicism. 3 Ideology, this time in the Cold War period, is the focus of Philippe Delisle’s article on a Belgian children’s comic produced in both Dutch and French in the early 1950s for a readership of Catholic children. As Delisle shows, the overt anti

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Yoram Peri and Paul L. Scham

-isms. Yet one paradigm is still missing—one that emphasizes 100 years of war and 50 years of occupation. There are plenty of books and research papers on different aspects of the war(s) and the Occupation, on the territories and their Palestinian or