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Introduction

The Return of Transport Coordination

Gustav Sjöblom

The coordination of transport was heavily debated in the interwar period, as mechanized road traffic for the first time posed a serious challenge to the railways as the backbone of the transport system. The main issues of the interwar period bear resemblances with current challenges for transport policy, and historical studies may improve our understanding of contemporary transport coordination. This introduction sets the stage by discussing the concept of transport coordination and its historiography.

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Durkheim's Lost Argument (1895–1955)

Critical Moves on Method and Truth

Stéphane Baciocchi and Jean-Louis Fabiani

Durkheim’s course of twenty lectures on pragmatism, given at the Sorbonne during the academic year 1913 to 1914, has been regularly reassessed, particularly since an apparently complete English translation (1983). Far from being marginal in Durkheim’s work, as claimed by Steven Lukes (1973), the lectures seem central for understanding Durkheim’s epistemology and methodology. This was initially set out in his two doctoral theses – the main one on the division of labour (1893) – then substantially reworked in later writings, particularly Les Formes élémentaires (1912). Unfortunately, we know the lectures only from a posthumous reconstruction by the faithful Durkheimian and sympathiser with Marxism, the philosopher Armand Cuvillier, who published Pragmatisme et sociologie in 1955, drawing on two anonymous sets of ‘student notes’ that later disappeared. It is thus difficult to know the scope and effect of Cuvillier’s own rewriting of these notes. Moreover, he made his reconstruction forty-two years after the actual presentation by Durkheim at the Sorbonne. The sociological context in France was by this time entirely different. The most prominent sociologists, such as Jean Stoetzel, were outspoken anti-Durkheimians in their demand for an empirical knowledge clearly severed from any philosophical foundation. The Durkheimians who tried to pursue the founder’s endeavour in the interwar period were dead. The very first reviews of Cuvillier’s edition indicate that Durkheimianism seemed to belong to the intellectual past, at least since the death of Marcel Mauss in 1950.

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areas during the interwar period, but ultimately was more effective at disciplining the medical auxiliary than it was at controlling villagers or the smallpox virus. Keywords : Algeria, bureaucracy, colonialism, smallpox, vaccination Neil MacMaster , The

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

This special issue explores the theme of essentialist discourses about languages, human collectivities, and human diversity during the interwar years, outside of explicitly racist or antisemitic perspectives. It grew out of a conference that Cécile

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Introduction

Print Culture, Mobility, and The Pacific, 1920–1950

Victoria Kuttainen and Susann Liebich

section, by focusing on themes of mobility and travel, show the emergence of a different kind of middlebrow culture that first took shape in the interwar period, in outward-looking magazines and print publications that engaged with international

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Edited by Raili Marling

women in the newly established Republic of Turkey in the interwar Yugoslav public discourse. Turkey has long served as Europe’s “Other,” but in this period its meaning shifted. While the Ottoman Empire was conservative in its treatment of women, the

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Jovicic , La nostalgie, de la maladie au sentiment national [In French] This article explores the epistemological and cultural evolution of nostalgia in nineteenth-century France, focusing on the crucial period (1850–1914) when the concept lost its medical

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Tübingen — Vienna — Münster

Introducing Elisabeth Timm

Elisabeth Timm

and carried out several projects on contentious cultural heritage concerning the local history of the Nazi period in Germany, among them projects that combined research on the basis of archival sources and oral history data with compensation payments

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The New Girl Loves Chemistry

The Story of a Forgotten Era

Katherine Darvesh

such, after a period of decades of evidence to the contrary. It must also be pointed out that men were returning from the First World War, and career women were seen to be taking away the jobs of these returning war veterans. Sadly, the inter-war era

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Building the Femorabilia Special Collection

Methodologies and Practicalities

Nickianne Moody

research on transitions in the representation and cultural values associated with women and girls across the twentieth century. Specific areas are the question of girls’ education in the interwar period, women’s role during the war ( Winship 1996 ), the