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Concerning Durkheim's 1899 Lecture ‘On Penal Sanctions’

Introduction, Translation Notes, and Comments

Ronjon Paul Datta and François Pizarro Noël

, sanctions, his main departure point. He dissects the limitations of approaches to law, morality, and penality that emphasize the intentions of legislators or the effects of punishment on the subject (e.g., suffering). The sociological alternative to this

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Silence against Political Rape

Arab Women's Subalterniy During Political Struggles

Ola Abdalkafor

Arab Spring movements in many Arab countries revealed a gap at the heart of Arab society and politics: the large-scale subalternity of Arab women in such movements. In this essay, I hypothesize that, with few exceptions, Arab women have always avoided participation in social and political activism because of their fear of political rape – raping women as punishment during political turmoil. The essay traces the history of political rape through different stages of Arab history. The examples are taken from history, literature and international reports and they mainly cover three countries: Syria, Egypt, and Libya. These examples prove that vulnerable women’s horror at any possibility of their being sexually abused and then rejected by their families and society has always haunted them, preventing them from struggling or protesting. The essay concludes that subalternity is the only stance from which Arab women can encounter political rape. Then, the essay discusses the subalternity of Arab women in the light of the thought of the postcolonial critic Gayatri Spivak. This argument leads to the contention that the silence of Arab women vulnerable to political rape should not be considered passive and that feminist theories and actions cannot be successful in supporting subaltern Arab women without the ethical responsibility theorized by Spivak as the most appropriate approach to the subaltern female. This approach entails respecting subaltern Arab women’s culture and fears and avoiding any attempt to make them copies of the European feminist self. Subaltern Arab women who are afraid of being sexually abused have the right to protect their bodies and stick to their culture while still participating in public life.

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An Unpublished Manuscript by Durkheim

‘On the General Physics of Law and Morality, 4th Year of the Course, 1st Lecture, December 2, 1899, Course Outline: On Penal Sanctions’

Émile Durkheim, edited and translated by François Pizarro Noël, and Ronjon Paul Datta

public opinion; 7 and restitutive sanctions, those that do not involve punishment but simply consist of restoring the relationship troubled by the immoral criminal act. The ideal type of the first variety is penalty, the ideal type of the second are

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Introduction

History, Violence, and Steven Pinker

Mark S. Micale and Philip Dwyer

several thousand years, and particularly since the eighteenth century, homicides, criminal assaults, war casualties, domestic violence, child abuse, animal abuse, capital punishment, lynching, and rape have all been steadily diminishing in frequency. This

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In Memoriam

W. S. F. Pickering

William Watts Miller

(1999) on Durkheim and Foucault on education and punishment, and by Sondra Hausner (2013) on The Elementary Forms , as well as three collections edited by Bill himself, one of which ( Pickering 2000a ) provided an invaluable analytical focus on the

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Portrait

Talal Asad

Talal Asad, Jonathan Boyarin, Nadia Fadil, Hussein Ali Agrama, Donovan O. Schaefer, and Ananda Abeysekara

claim to have resolved a major source of suffering and violence within and between states by redefining the place of ‘religion’. After encountering the writings of Foucault, who not only wrote illuminatingly about punishment but also insisted that to

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Adaptation Lived as a Story

Why We Should Be Careful about the Stories We Use to Tell Other Stories

Nicole Klenk

Stories Is Important As researchers, what should we do when our research subjects tell us that stories are living beings or that climate change is God’s punishment for humanity’s arrogance, or engage in any other activity or discourse that we would be

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Tadashi Hirai

): 1435 – 1446 . doi: 10.1098/rstb.2004.1522 . 10.1098/rstb.2004.1522 Herrmann , B. , C. Thöni , and S. Gächter . 2008 . “ Antisocial Punishment across Societies .” Science 319 ( 5868 ): 1362 – 1367 . http://www.jstor.com/stable/20053530 10

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Representing Sanctuary

On Flatness and Aki Kaurismäki's Le Havre

Vinh Nguyen

, campaign to keep the refugee away from law enforcement seeking to capture and deport him. This telling scene dramatizes the mundane beginnings of sanctuary, which starts with an individual requiring protection from the law's punishment and another

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Enforcing Apartheid?

The Politics of “Intolerability” in the Danish Migration and Integration Regimes

Julia Suárez-Krabbe and Annika Lindberg

problematic by the government (approved by parliament on 8 May 2018); (2) increased control over who lives in, and moves to, these areas (approved by parliament on 11 May 2018); (3) increased police control and harsher punishment for crimes committed in these