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“Plunging the Soul into Contemplation”

On MoMA's Le Corbusier: An Atlas of Modern Landscapes

Nicole C. Rudolph

This article reviews the New York Museum of Modern Art's recent Le Corbusier retrospective and its accompanying catalogue. The author critically evaluates the curators' reassessment of Le Corbusier's legacy via the lens of landscape. A key insight gleaned from the show pertains to technologies of mobility: inspired by the views from the automobile, the steamer, and the airplane, Le Corbusier deployed modern materials and techniques of mass construction in order to maximize an inhabitant's contemplation of the natural world. What we learn from Le Corbusier: An Atlas of Modern Landscapes, the author argues, is that the architect valorized and designed to prioritize “3 Cs”: circulation, composition, and contemplation. The notion of contemplation may be more useful to understanding Le Corbusier's architecture than the concept of landscape.

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An Inconvenient Expertise

French Colonial Sailors and Technological Knowledge in the Union Française

Minayo Nasiali

In the 1950s, French shipping companies began to replace their old fleet of steamships with new diesel ships. They also began to lay off sailors from French Africa, claiming that the changing technology rendered their labor obsolete. The industry asserted that African sailors did not have the aptitude to do other, more skilled jobs aboard diesel vessels. But unemployed colonial sailors argued differently, claiming that they were both able and skilled. This article explores how unemployed sailors from French Africa cast themselves as experts, capable of producing technological knowledge about shipping. In so doing, they shaped racialized and gendered notions about labor and skill within the French empire. The arguments they made were inconvenient, I argue, because colonial sailors called into question hegemonic ideas about who could be modern and who had the right to participate in discourse about expertise.

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The Olive Grove of Rome

Romanization and the French Colonial Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Tunisia

Jessica Biddlestone

In 1892, the French resident general in Tunisia launched the first state-sponsored colonization effort in the Tunisian protectorate. Based on Paul Bourde’s study of ancient Roman agriculture, the colonization plan explicitly sought to remake Roman prosperity in central Tunisia by fostering the cultivation of olives. Examining Bourde’s study of the ancient past and his work as director of agriculture in Tunisia, this article explores the connections between the study of the Roman Empire and the development of colonialism in North Africa. In tracing this history, this article highlights how the study and use of Roman ruins in French Tunisia inspired an appreciation for the role that technology and material development played in supporting the spread of Roman civilization and culture.

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Owen White and Elizabeth Heath

turn fall under the rubric of the history of capitalism, sometimes with an avowedly global field of vision. 7 Others have explicitly addressed globalization and empire and, particularly, how new technologies and flows of people and goods reshaped

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David Schweikart

, the technology to be employed, etc., not those whose well-being are most immediately affected by these decisions. Under capitalism, citizens have little democratic control over the deployment of its economic surplus, i.e., its investment priorities

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Frédéric Viguier

turnout. Inspired by the work of Gerber and Green, and by the success of Obama’s first presidential campaign, which they witnessed in Boston as graduate students, Guillaume Liégey, Arthur Muller, and Vincent Pons created their own campaign technology

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Camille Robcis and Benjamin Poole

portrays as vectors of “liberal revival” (156)—were also at the forefront of the battle against same-sex unions, reproductive technologies, and later gay marriage in articles featuring extremely violent homophobic language. 2 Some of this conceptual

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Kyle Michael James Shuttleworth and Nik Farrell Fox

range of essays within the book shows just how much this influence has spread, incorporating studies of technology, psychiatry, literature, philosophy, international relations and quantum science, all refracted through the qualitative lens of Christina

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Patricia Mainardi

While periodicals with illustrations had existed prior to the 1830s, the letter-press used for text until the advent of photographic technology could not be combined with the etching, engraving, or lithography that produced images. Pictures had to

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Marie-Ève Thérenty

de nostalgie pour le dix-neuvième siècle où, selon lui, les écrivains seraient à l’abri de la pression des technologies de la communication. Elizabeth Emery montre combien ce discours est à la fois inexact et construit. Développant quant à elle la