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War without Citizens

Memorialization, War, and Democracy in the United States

Stephen J. Rosow

Contestation over war memorialization can help democratic theory respond to the current attenuation of citizenship in war in liberal democratic states, especially the United States. As war involves more advanced technologies and fewer soldiers, the relation of citizenship to war changes. In this context war memorialization plays a particular role in refiguring the relation. Current practices of remembering and memorializing war in contemporary neoliberal states respond to a dilemma: the state needs to justify and garner support for continual wars while distancing citizenship from participation. The result is a consumer culture of memorialization that seeks to effect a unity of the political community while it fights wars with few citizens and devalues the public. Neoliberal wars fought with few soldiers and an economic logic reveals the vulnerability to otherness that leads to more active and critical democratic citizenship.

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Rachel Mesch

This article considers the role of men in a form of feminist expression promoted in women's magazines and novels during the Belle Epoque. “Belle Epoque literary feminism,“ as I have termed it, was characterized by a desire to reconcile gender equality with traditional gender roles, outside of political channels; it was also, I argue, defined by male participation. Focusing on a widespread effort to modernize marriage, the article examines both men and women's discussions of marital equality in the influential women's magazines Femina and La Vie Heureuse; it then considers the role assigned to men in realizing feminist marriage in two popular women's novels, Marcelle Tinayre's La Rebelle and Louise Marie Compain's L'Un vers l'autre.

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Robin Rodd

Amidst a global turn towards authoritarianism and populism, there are few contemporary examples of state-led democratization. This article discusses how Uruguay’s Frente Amplio (FA) party has drawn on a unique national democratic cultural heritage to encourage a coupling of participatory and representative institutions in “a politics of closeness.” The FA has reinvigorated Batllismo, a discourse associated with social justice, civic republicanism, and the rise of Uruguayan social democracy in the early twentieth century. At the same time, the FA’s emphasis on egalitarian participation is inspired by the thought of Uruguay’s independence hero José Artigas. I argue that the cross-weave of party and movement, and of democratic citizenship and national heritage, encourages the emergence of new figures of the citizen and new permutations for connecting citizens with representative institutions. The FA’s “politics of closeness” is an example of how state-driven democratization remains possible in an age described by some as “post-democratic.”

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Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka

(fugitive democracy), and Chantal Mouffe (agonistic democracy) (131ff.). But they are not without their shortcomings. Participatory theory is increasingly conflated with deliberative theory, thus too narrowly defining political participation (158). It is

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Nancy S. Love, Sanford F. Schram, Anthony J. Langlois, Luis Cabrera, and Carol C. Gould

—Transnational, Regional, and Global,” Gould explores possible sites for the creation of global publics. These include a fascinating discussion of “online networking” that considers proposals for e-voting, online deliberations, and other web-based participation. She also

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The Limits of Liberal Democracy

Prospects for Democratizing Democracy

Viviana Asara

overcome by looking at the dialectics of democracy. For him democracy refers to a principle of societal self-regulation that has at its core the idea of reciprocal recognition of equality and equal rights to societal participation. During Western post

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Christian Ewert

as a supranational polity, the EU encompasses a multitude of different nationalities, languages, religions, and traditions. On the one hand, the EU has created opportunities for political participation, with the election of the members of the European

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Neoliberalism, the Left and the Rise of the Far Right

On the Political and Ideological Implications of Capitalism's Subordination of Democracy

Costas Panayotakis

-3 ; Markoff 2014: 168 ). This situation understandably leads to a popular disenchantment with politics, which becomes manifest in low participation rates, especially among the poorest, least privileged segments of the population ( Markoff 2014: 119

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Participatory Democracy in Unlikely Places

What Democratic Theorists Can Learn from Democratic Professionals

Selen A. Ercan’s and Albert W. Dzur

say, “From this point onward, people seem to lose their trust in politicians and they seem to lose their trust to each other?” Dzur: That is a good question. I do not think that there is a golden age of participation. However, survey research on trust

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Nadia Urbinati

. Recent issues of two academic journals, the Journal of Democracy and Democratic Theory , have been dedicated to the analysis of the crisis or decline of democracy ( Ercan and Gagnon 2014 ; Plattner 2015) . Drops in electoral participation and citizen