This article focuses on the impact of images on reconstructions of the past. In order to analyze the function of images in history textbooks, image-discourse analysis is applied to a case study of Austrian postwar memory. The analysis of recent Austrian history textbooks provides insight into strategies by which notions of Austria as both "victim" and "perpetrator" of the National Socialist regime are held in balance. The article also focuses on the intentional framing of iconic depictions of two central Austrian sites of memory, Heroes' Square (Heldenplatz) and the State Treaty (Staatsvertrag).
Visual and Verbal Strategies of Representing the Past in Post-Waldheim Austria
Explaining the Failure of Pegida in Austria
Introduction “ I n Austria, from the very beginning, the fpö has been the real Pegida.” This was the comment by the far-right leader Heinz Christian Strache about the organization Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the Occident
Christiane Hintermann, Christa Markom, Heidemarie Weinhäupl, and Sanda Üllen
This article examines how the topics of migration, cultural diversity, and discrimination are depicted in current Austrian school textbooks and how they are discussed and perceived by pupils of different age groups attending different types of schools. The discussion concentrates on three main issues: the representation of migration as problematic; the use, critical or otherwise, of specific terms; and whether the history of migration to and from Austria is represented and perceived as part of a common Austrian history. Alongside the findings of the textbook analysis, we show how the involvement of pupils in textbook and migration research can contribute to the production of scientific knowledge in this area.
A Comparative Perspective on Its Organizational Development
E. Gene Frankland
institutionalization of the AfD so far. To what extent has it followed the path of “mature” populist radical-right parties, such as the Austrian Freedom Party (FPӦ) and the Italian Northern League ( ln )? Finally, what are prospective relationships between the AfD and
Sex, Gender, and Emotions among Polish Displaced Person in the Aftermath of World War II
squares and streets across western Germany and Austria to celebrate the freedom granted them by Allied soldiers. Liberation, however, did not bring the peace Displaced Persons (DPs) had imagined. The festival of freedom was quickly followed by the
Where better to begin talking about Viennese identity in the late twentieth century than in the work of Elfriede Jelinek and Thomas Bernhard—specifically, in two plays whose titles immediately evoke the city as well as pregnant moments in its history: Jelinek's Burgtheater (published 1982; premiered 1985 in Bonn) and Bernhard's Heldenplatz (premiered 1988 in Vienna's Burgtheater). Insofar as the two plays dramatize the extent to which National Socialism took hold and persisted in Austria, they epitomize both authors' perennial roles as keen observers and harsh critics of Austrian society. Burgtheater and the scandal it generated established Jelinek's function as "Nestbeschmutzerin," whereas Heldenplatz, appearing the year before Bernhard's death, can be regarded as the capstone of his career as a critic of Austrian mores and politics.
Building Up an Online Documentation and a Digital Collection on the History of Austrian Women's Movements, 1918–1938
Lydia Jammernegg and Natascha Vittorelli
Frauen in Bewegung (Women in motion) is a joint endeavour of Ariadne, the Women’s and Gender Documentation Centre at the Austrian National Library, and the Department of Contemporary History at Vienna University. For two and a half years (2006–2009) the project was financed by the Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (Austrian Science Fund). Under the leadership of Helga Hofmann-Weinberger (Austrian National Library) and in cooperation with Johanna Gehmacher (Department of Contemporary History, Vienna University) Frauen in Bewegung has been conducted as an interdisciplinary project. While Lydia Jammernegg was responsible for the documentary part of the project, Natascha Vittorelli dealt with the historiographical components. In doing so, the documentation and historiography of women’s movements were closely interlinked. The following description focuses on the documentary part of the project and explains the aims, the structure and some of the results of the documentation and digitalisation work, which is presented on the web.
Anne Sa’adah, Germany’s Second Chance: Trust, Justice, and Democratization
Review by Laurence McFalls
Karl-Rudolf Korte, Deutschlandpolitik in Helmut Kohls Kanzlerschaft: Regierungsstil und
Entscheidungen 1982-1989. Geschichte der deutschen Einheit, Band 1
Werner Weidenfeld, Aussenpolitk für die Deutsche Einheit. Geschichte der deutschen Einheit, Band 4
Review by Clay Clemens
William A. Barbieri Jr., Ethics of Citizenship: Immigration and Group Rights in Germany
Review by John Brady
Anton Pelinka, Austria: Out of the Shadow of the Past
Review by Erik Willenz
Ruth-Ellen Boetcher Joeres, Respectability and Deviance: Nineteenth-Century German Women Writers and the Ambiguity of Representation
Review by Kristin McGuire
Gerd Gemünden, Framed Visions: Popular Culture, Americanization, and the Contemporary German and Austrian Imagination
Review by Johannes von Moltke
In December 1996, the European Union gave its authorization to sell transgenic corn for consumption and cultivation in Europe. Some EU memberstates, notably Austria and Italy, refused to allow any imports of genetically modified organisms (“GMOs” or “OGM” in French). Resistance of that sort was unexpected from France. In Europe, France was originally the country most interested in advancing research and applications in the area of agricultural biotechnology. Before GMOs became a matter of public controversy, France led Europe in deliberate release trials.
Robert C. Holub
The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche edited by Bernd Magnus and Kathleen M. Higgins
The Ghosts of Berlin: Confronting German History in the Urban Landscape by Brian Ladd
A German Women’s Movement: Class and Gender in Hanover, 1880-1933 by Nancy R. Reagin
Nazism and the Working Class in Austria: Industrial Unrest and Political Dissent in the “National Community” by Timothy Kirk
Mitteleuropa and German Politics 1848 to the Present by Jörg Brechtefeld
Society, Culture, and the State in Germany 1870–1930 edited by Geoff Eley