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Realizing Interspecies Democracy

The Preconditions for an Egalitarian, Multispecies, World

Sue Donaldson, Janneke Vink, and Jean-Paul Gagnon

the alleged political acts of animals very seriously. Examples of political acts by animals are, according to this school, choosing some type of dog food over another, expressing a preference for a certain type of walk route, and being physically

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Marie Paxton and Uğur Aytaç

ideals in theory. Bateman shows which steps have been made to encourage more equitable participation, such as holding assemblies near public transport; providing childcare and food; dropping citizenship requirements; and adopting language support. He also

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Simon Tormey and Jean-Paul Gagnon

bees and ants, they’re doing it usually because they’ve found a major food source or because they’re wintering and need to rely on each other to keep their homes both warm and clean. But these collectivist animals are not only creatures of the swarm

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Resist and Revivify

Democratic Theory in a Time of Defiance

Jean-Paul Gagnon and Emily Beausoleil

’s aftermath. In part humiliated by lack of work, anxious about their ability—or inability—to pay for housing and food, and increasingly resentful of a widening inequality gap, many voters in the United States and the United Kingdom resonated powerfully with

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Paul Apostolidis, William E. Connolly, Jodi Dean, Jade Schiff, and Romand Coles

collaborators are working on democracy. The union wants to build community support at the college and elsewhere for a broad-based coalition to change the meat production system that simultaneously foists food contamination risks onto consumers, subjects

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Belonging to Spontaneous Order

Hayek, Pluralism, Democracy

Stephanie Erev

perceived aims, and by a similar perception of the dangers and opportunities – chiefly sources of food and shelter – of their environment” (1988: 11–12). In fact, they appear even to feel almost as one thanks to their “natural instincts” of “solidarity and

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Monique Deveaux

to deliberate about what their most pressing needs are and which collective projects or actions might best meet these (e.g., how to secure reliable transportation to the local health clinic, or to grind the grain they need for food more efficiently

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The Ant and the Grasshopper

Rationalising Exclusion and Inequality in the Post-apartheid City

Richard Ballard

As with many other genres of storytelling, fables are as much about the socialisation of political values as they are about the amusement of children. Although their timeless appearance presents their truths as absolute, the meanings of fables change as they are reinterpreted through time by particular ideologies. Thus we find that The Ant and the Grasshopper, a children’s favourite about the need for hard work and careful saving, has recently been commandeered by conservative adults who are searching for ever more coded ways of communicating in today’s anti-racist contexts. This story is attributed to Æsop, a mythical sixth century B.C. slave and storyteller (Adrados 1999). During the renaissance, Europe’s fascination with antiquity prompted renewed interest in Æsop’s fables as vehicles of commentary on the politics of the time (Hanazaki 1993-1994 & Patterson 1991). Their popularity accelerated with the industrial revolution since some of the fables, such as The Tortoise and the Hare and The Ant and the Grasshopper, were particularly suited to the socialisation of selfrestraint and a strong work ethic. The Ant and the Grasshopper tells the story of the ant that worked hard collecting food during summer, while the carefree grasshopper did not. During winter, the ant survived while the grasshopper starved. This story conveyed to children that the threat of lean times was ever present but that hard work would stave off starvation.

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Dmitry Shlapentokh

food and could endure hunger and thirst. Finally, he was quite restrictive in his sexual mores and engaged in sexual relationships only when they helped him to promote the broader geopolitical agenda. His enemies – the Oriental rulers – behaved in a

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Jodi Dean

contact with a person beyond the immediate household could be life-threatening, people thought of basic activities like shopping for groceries as a matter of life and death. As the economic crisis deepened, the availability of food and continuity of