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Doing Her Bit

German and Anglo-American Girls' Literature of the First World War

Jennifer Redmann

This article examines sixteen works of girls' literature published in Germany, Great Britain, the United States and Canada during or immediately after the First World War. When examined together, these books reveal much about expectations and opportunities for girls at a time when gender roles were in flux. Their overriding message, however, is contradictory, for even as a girl is exhorted to serve her country, her gender places clear limits on what she can achieve.

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The Significance of the Body

The Construction of Masculinity among German Students

Jurgen Budde

This article discusses strategies of constructing masculinity among German school boys and shows the close interrelation of social status, social and symbolic value, and the success or failure of playing with male gender orders. It highlights the important role of the body in these processes. Based on data from ethnographical research the article shows that the body is an actor as well as target in the subordination strategies, which often includes the feminisation of other boys

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Virtual Heroes

Boys, Masculinity and Historical Memory in War Comics 1945–1995

Alexander Clarkson

This article maintains that as a genre war comics are a valuable and neglected source for understanding constructions of ideal masculinity in the post-war West. While its main focus is the depiction of heroic manliness in one of the most commercially successful American war comics, G.I. Joe, comparisons are made with Britain’s Commando Comics and the German pictorial war magazine Landser, which concentrated mainly on the Second World War and also enjoyed wide popularity. The article suggests that while mainly addressing an adolescent readership, over time these comics came to direct their political and moral messages not only to boys but also to increasing numbers of older men who had started reading these comics when they were boys themselves. In particular, it argues that war comics strategically deployed notions of “boyishness” in their story lines, exploiting both the negative and positive connotations of the word to make readers question the egotism and immorality of contemporary society.

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Introduction

Cinemas of Boyhood Part II

Timothy Shary

Revoir Les Enfants (1987) , and The Son of the Shark (1993) . In Italy, another film about boys inaugurated a movement just after the war—De Sica’s neorealist Shoeshine (1946) ; in West Germany, The Trapp Family (1956) would inspire the American

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“Be Prepared!” (But Not Too Prepared)

Scouting, Soldiering, and Boys’ Roles in World War I

Lucy Andrew

increased rapidly. The rise of other world powers such as Germany, the United States, and Russia at this time put Britain in a vulnerable position. Germany, in particular, was seen as a threat to Britain on account of its geographical proximity and the

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Jay Mechling

friendship, especially in Germany, emphasized the homoerotic nature of the close bonding in those friendships without foregrounding the question of sexuality ( Oosterhuis and Kennedy 1991 ). Anecdotal evidence of consensual sex play among boys at summer camps

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Reading Production and Culture

UK Teen Girl Comics from 1955 to 1960

Joan Ormrod

the star, distant but knowable, as the object of the quest. A two-part photographic story comic in Mirabelle (12 September 1959) falls into this category. It begins with Monica and Jan, Mirabelle staff, sent on a trip to Germany to interview Elvis

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Speaking Our Truths, Building Our Strengths

Shaping Indigenous Girlhood Studies

Kirsten Lindquist, Kari-dawn Wuttunee, and Sarah Flicker

Lindquist and Kari-dawn Wuttunee are both council members of the National Indigenous Young Women’s Council (NIYWC). Kirsten is Cree-Métis with Swedish, English, German, and Ukrainian ancestry, and has been with the council since 2013, where she is now coming

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The Concept of Sentimental Boyhood

The Emotional Education of Boys in Mexico during the Early Porfiriato, 1876–1884

Carlos Zúñiga Nieto

in Nineteenth-Century Germany .” Journal of Social History 19 ( 3 ): 433 – 450 . 10.1353/jsh/19.3.433 Blum , Ann Shelby . 2009 . Domestic Economies: Family, Work, and Welfare in Mexico City, 1884–1943 . Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press

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The Biologically Vulnerable Boy

Framing Sex Differences in Childhood Infectious Disease Mortality

Heather T. Battles

providence for increasing the sex ratio at birth to compensate for higher male mortality in life ( Théré and Rohrbasser 2006 ). These statistics seemed to run counter to existing perceptions. German pastor Johann Peter Süssmilch (1761) , for example, noted