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Emergent Police States

Racialized Pacification and Police Moralism from Rio's Favelas to Bolsonaro

Tomas Salem and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen

be understood as a modern colonial formation. In what can be read as an elaboration of—and addition to—their nuanced and rich analyses, we use postcolonial theory to examine how authoritarian moralism and urban security practices in the favelas

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Unbecoming Veteranship

Convicted Military Officers in Post-authoritarian Argentina

Eva van Roekel and Valentina Salvi

After violence ceases, war veterans often reside in trouble, as their rights, responsibilities, belongings, and entitlements remain subject to a volatile moral domain of contestation and endorsement in post-conflict societies. In post-authoritarian

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Introduction

Sovereignty and Social Contestation—Between Violence and Alternative Sociocultural Orders

Martijn Oosterbaan and Wil G. Pansters

In the past decade, the concept of sovereignty has swiftly risen in popularity within anthropological circles, especially in relation to violence in postcolonial and post-authoritarian societies (Das and Poole 2004). The rationale of this section is rooted in the aspiration to build on and further develop anthropological understandings of conflict and violence centered on the notion of sovereignty. Whereas the contributors to the section are indebted to theoretical approaches influenced by the writings of Agamben (1998, 2005), they also present analytic advantages and shortcomings. For instance, a recent critique of Agamben’s notion of sovereignty—and of many of his followers—is that it reproduces totalitarian notions of modern politics that cannot account for the historical existence of “ordered” communities “free from subjection, and … free from subjecting others” (Jennings 2011: 43).

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Iver B. Neumann

… I sense the world as a continuous struggle, as an enormous, gigantic conflict, in which thousands of other conflicts are embedded. ( Literaturnaya gazeta , 2 September 1992) Prokhanov’s solution for Russia was to impose “authoritarianism, which will

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Invisible Veterans

Defeated Militants and Enduring Revolutionary Social Values in Dhufar, Oman

Alice Wilson

armed and unarmed participation in political violence; in discussing the Front, I therefore use veteran to refer to both former armed and unarmed militants. Since defeating the Front, the authoritarian government of Sultan Qaboos bin Said has allowed no

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Introduction

War Veterans and the Construction of Citizenship Categories

Nikkie Wiegink, Ralph Sprenkels, and Birgitte Refslund Sørensen

commemorative practices in post-authoritarian Argentina have ostracized the former military of the dictatorship from society and the military as an institution. Drawing on unique ethnographic fieldwork among the convicted military officers and their family

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Introduction

Rethinking Resistance to Transitional Justice

Briony Jones and Thomas Brudholm

unity and reconciliation. Now an established policy response to the end of civil war, authoritarian regimes or occupation, transitional justice has been the focus of scholarly attention for long enough to have warranted a critical turn, both in terms of

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Introduction

Exceptionalism and Necropolitical Security Dynamics in Olympic Rio de Janeiro

Margit Ystanes and Tomas Salem

cloaked in a narrative about security, urban development, expanding citizenship, and social inclusion. For countless favela residents, however, these interventions reasserted old patterns of authoritarian state governance toward their communities. Favelas

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Fighting Fire with Fire

Resistance to Transitional Justice in Bahrain

Ciara O’Loughlin

states between 1974 and 2003 led them to the conclusion that the majority of commissions established prior to 1995 (the year of the establishment of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission) were established by entrenched authoritarian

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Introduction

Performance, Power, Exclusion, and Expansion in Anthropological Accounts of Protests

Aet Annist

authoritarian rule. The author approaches the case from the theoretical angle of performativity to capture the hopelessness of the struggle against unflinching authoritarianism. Placed in the context of foreign aid to promoting democracy, the protests are