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Hydrologic Habitus

Wells, Watering Practices, and Water Supply Infrastructure

Brock Ternes and Brian Donovan

resistance to water conservation. In our view, water usage is part of the cultural condition of class membership but not reducible to class. Our research provides evidence that well ownership is significantly linked with water usage and drought-time behaviors

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Arjun Guneratne

This paper examines the emergence in Sri Lanka of transcultural thinking about environmental issues as well as the activism it engenders by examining the role of the Anglophone Sri Lankan elite as the chief protagonists historically of environmentalism in the country. It also examines one of Sri Lanka's leading NGOs, Environmental Foundation Ltd. (EFL) as an example of the activism of this class. EFL's perspective on environmental issues has its origins in the transformations wrought by colonialism in the country's class structure and in the introduction of European ideas of nature to the country's newly emergent middle-class. Modelled on the Natural Resources Defense Council of the United States, EFL was a new kind of environmental organization in Sri Lanka and a response to globalization and Sri Lanka's increasing integration into the global economy. Unlike the handful of environmental NGOS that existed in the late seventies, which were essentially pressure groups, EFL was conceived, on the model of NRDC, as a public interest law firm, and drew on international models to frame its arguments about the application of the law in the cause of environmental protection. This paper examines how these various factors—the social class of the activists and the processes of institution building—shaped a cosmopolitan environmental discourse in Sri Lanka whose roots lie in urban Sri Lankan middle class culture as it emerged and was transformed during colonial rule and in the various discourses of globalization that have been drawn on by Sri Lankan activists to craft their own arguments.

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Seumas Bates

“precariousness” felt by a subset of the research participants this study engaged with, members of a self-defined segment of the local community, namely heterosexual, White, 1 working-class, and lower middle-class men (and to a lesser extent women) who described

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Overconsumption as Ideology

Implications for Addressing Global Climate Change

Diana Stuart, Ryan Gunderson, and Brian Petersen

example, ideology affirms the existence of a historically contingent and exploitative organization of labor as natural and normal: “A fair day's wage for a fair day's work” (cf. Marx 1976: 675–676 ; Larrain 1983: 127–128 ). The ruling class, benefiting

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Artificial Intelligence

Faith in Machine or Man?

Jan Martijn Meij

human arrangements such as race and class will exacerbate with a continued focus on AI. When JL describes the shift in evolution to purposeful cyborg selection, he raises no concerns about a genetics arms race like BM does. Nor does he address any other

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Jeff Kirby

practices and dispositions of the body within social groups. Bourdieu employs the concept of habitus to convey the importance of dispositions of the body related to social class and cultures. Bourdieu’s theoretical frameworks are for him “conceptual tools

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Introduction

Civil Society and Urban Agriculture in Europe

Mary P. Corcoran and Joëlle Salomon Cavin

vocal middle class sought access to recreational parks. Local inhabitants mobilized to retain the bostan as an open green and social area, whereas the centralized urban regime wanted to use this land for a profitable building project, without

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Susann Baez Ullberg

provincial government in return for his money. Doña Elena was required to assist literacy classes two evenings a week in return for hers. The reciprocal actions show that the plans were inscribed in relations of “contractual exchange” ( Dahl 2001 ), in which

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Ryan Gunderson

countervailing force F′, tending to frustrate, annul, subvert or transform F” ( Bhaskar 1991: 110 ). The hallmark example used by Marx is the development of the division of labor into classes, which are necessarily antagonistic in each epoch. “Systemic” or

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Hannah Swee and Zuzana Hrdličková

been forgotten. She argues that remembering takes place in the present as it is embedded in daily practices, objects, and places, while the actual content of memories varies between neighborhoods, social classes, and individuals. Thus people living in