cited as reasons for students’ career choices, contemporary hyper-positivist philosophy could be cited as its intellectual foundation. Hyper-positivism, with the natural sciences as its model, has as its ‘ontological assumption that the world is orderly
Bridging the Artist-Scholar Divide
Ibanga B. Ikpe
The Emotional Education of Boys in Mexico during the Early Porfiriato, 1876–1884
Carlos Zúñiga Nieto
boys. Beginning in the 1870s, the philosophy of positivism, which outlined the tenets of economic development and centralization, was embraced by a new generation of educators in Mexico. In France, the philosophy of positivism was particularly embraced
Can This Marriage Be Saved?
The too-often unhappy 'marriage' of political theory and political science has long been a source of anguish for both partners. Should this troubled partnership be dissolved? Or might this marriage yet be saved? Ball answers the former question negatively and the latter affirmatively. Playing the part of therapist instead of theorist, he selectively recounts a number of episodes which estranged the partners and strained the marriage. And yet, he concludes that the conflicts were in hindsight more constructive than destructive, benefiting both partners in heretofore unexpected ways and perhaps paving a path toward reconciliation and rapprochement.
It is well known that Durkheim was a major source of influence in most of Boudon's writings. But his vision of Durkheim has evolved a lot over the years. In the 1960s until the 1990s, he presented Durkheim as a positivist, fairly close to Auguste Comte, and he considered The Rules of the Sociological Method as a mediating work which announced all of the Durkheim's thought. In his most recent works, Boudon brings an original perspective that Durkheim was an important theorist of rationality.
Boudon a développé une admiration durable pour Durkheim dont il ne s'est jamais départi. Durkheim n'a jamais cessé en effet d'être pour lui un inspirateur, mais la lecture qu'il en fait a néanmoins évolué au fil du temps. Des années 1960 aux années 1990 il le présente comme un auteur positiviste dont il admire la réflexion sur la scientificité de la sociologie. Après 1990 il le présente comme un précurseur malgré lui de l'individualisme méthodologique, et traduit sa sociologie dans le langage de la théorie de l'action.
Reflections on the Kanbur typology
In contradistinction to Ravi Kanbur's (2003) summarization of a recent conference on qualitative and quantitative poverty analysis in which he proposed a typology of differences between 'qual and quant' approaches, I argue that key elements in this typology are derivative of more basic distinctions in the philosophy of social science between three research programs: empiricism/positivism, hermeneutics, and critical theory/critical hermeneutics. The point is not simply of academic interest but has practical implications for aspects of poverty analysis, including numeric transformation of data, assessment of the validity of empirical findings, and inferring policy implications from research results.
Bernard Faÿ and the Rise of American Studies in Third-Republic France
John L. Harvey
Perhaps no other French historian led such a sordid academic career as that of Bernard Faÿ, who held the first European chair in American history at the Collège de France from 1932 to his removal in 1944. Celebrated as the leading interwar specialist on America, Faÿ was a steadfast ally of the Catholic political Right. His conservatism, however, never threatened his international stature or his domestic academic standing until 1940, after which he led the Vichy regime's assault on Freemasonry. He succeeded as a historian by employing research on the United States to reject traditions of popular sovereignty, while also embracing new methodological trends that critiqued scientific positivism, often as an attack on the intellectual foundation of the Third Republic. His legacy suggests how the conceptual legitimacy of secular, egalitarian society could be contested through the very ideas that "cosmopolitan modernity" had sought to support.
Developing Donald Davidson's Ideas in International Political Theory
approaches. Thus, ‘realism’ as a long-lasting tradition, began centuries before the discipline of IR, and the latter has seen various classical realists, neorealists and neoclassical realists. ‘Post-positivism’ is also not an unambiguous term; it may be
Theorizing the Spatiality of Protest
Dimitris Soudias and Tareq Sydiq
University Press . 10.1017/CBO9780511815331.004 Steinmetz , George . 2005 . “ Positivism and Its Others in the Social Sciences .” In The Politics of Method in the Human Sciences: Positivism and Its Epistemological Others , ed. George Steinmetz , 1
-branch of Enlightenment thought called positivism, progress was determined by scientific advancement; only knowledge experienced empirically via the senses was valid. If it could be verified scientifically, then it could be called true knowledge. Steven
Shakespeare, Fandom, and the Lure of the Alternate Universe
Kavita Mudan Finn and Jessica McCall
unsure of their own critical authority, fanfiction provides a unique avenue in which to actively undercut the positivism of traditional approaches to interpretation. Even subversive theoretical lenses like gender studies, queer theory, and presentism are