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Carol Hager

The energy revolution poses a fundamental challenge to the German corporatist institutional model. The push for renewables in Germany arose almost entirely outside the prevailing channels of institutional power. Eventually, federal legislation helped support the boom in local energy production that was already underway, and it encouraged the further development of new forms of community investment and citizen participation in energy supply. Recently, the federal government has tried to put the genie back in the bottle by shifting support to large energy producers. But, as this article shows, the energy transition has provided a base for local power that cannot easily be assailed. The debate over German energy policy is becoming a contest between centralized and decentralized models of political and economic power. Prevailing institutionalist theories have difficulty accounting for these developments. I analyze the local development of renewable energy by means of a case study of the Freiburg area in southwestern Germany, which has evolved from a planned nuclear power and fossil fuel center to Germany's “solar region”. Incorporating insights from ecological modernization theory, I show how the locally based push for renewables has grown into a challenge to the direction of German democracy itself.

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Geographical Imagination, Anthropology, and Political Exiles

Photographers of Siberia in Late Imperial Russia

Tatiana Saburova

Abstract

This article is focused on several themes connected with the history of photography, political exile in Imperial Russia, exploration and representations of Siberia in the late 19th–early 20th centuries. Photography became an essential tool in numerous geographic, topographic and ethnographic expeditions to Siberia in the late 19th century; well-known scientists started to master photography or were accompanied by professional photographers in their expeditions, including ones organized by the Russian Imperial Geographic Society, which resulted in the photographic records, reports, publications and exhibitions. Photography was rapidly spreading across Asian Russia and by the end of the 19th century there was a photo studio (or several ones) in almost every Siberian town. Political exiles were often among Siberian photographers, making photography their new profession, business, a way of getting a social status in the local society, and a means of surviving financially as well as intellectually and emotionally. They contributed significantly to the museum's collections by photographing indigenous people in Siberia and even traveling to Mongolia and China, displaying “types” as a part of anthropological research in Asia and presenting “views” of the Russian empire's borderlands. The visual representation of Siberia corresponded with general perceptions of an exotic East, populated by “primitive” peoples devoid of civilization, a trope reinforced by numerous photographs and depictions of Siberia as an untamed natural world, later transformed and modernized by the railroads construction.

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

of the modernizing state with its biopolitical gaze is recognized, the section is focused on various medical participants who found their way in exercising some local agency, even if not always successfully. For example, as Maria Zarifi discuses, the

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Georgine Clarsen and Gijs Mom

opening section. Jaime Moreno Tejada, in “Lazy Labor, Modernization, and Coloniality,” takes us to transportation practices in turn-of-the-century Ecuador. Moreno Tejada considers the specificities of modernization in that place through the material

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Sercan Çınar and Francisca de Haan

perspective in the scholarship; second, for the Kemalist modernization project and reforms of the early republican period, she proposed to use the term “state feminism.” 1 Trained as a political scientist, Tekeli submitted her habilitation on women

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Modernity, Ḥadātha, and Modernité in the Works of Abdallah Laroui

Conceptual Translation and the Politics of Historicity

Nils Riecken

modernization based on their own conceptualizations of modernity . On the other hand, and based on this critique, he has developed his own conceptualization of modernity that draws attention to problems of temporality and historicity in Arab intellectuals

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Aro Velmet and Rachel Kantrowitz

, Jewish areas—in particular the seaside suburb of La Goullette and the Jewish hara —were seen as prospects for hygienic modernization. Those districts were perceived as neither French nor Arab, neither fully modern nor “authentically” Oriental, existing

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Edited by Raili Marling

Republic of Turkey introduced a series of modernizing reforms that radically altered the status of women. This shift was a cause of great fascination in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, as Vlašić shows in his analysis, as the modernization of

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Etty Terem

colonialism is women's and gender history. A range of studies in various regions, including South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, have demonstrated the interplay between gender and policies of colonial rule, efforts at modernization, nationalist movements

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Kudzai Matereke

“eternally advances, progresses, modernizes” while the rest of the world, which is “traditional society,” follows behind “more sluggishly, or stagnates.” 4 Historicism was given new philosophical nuances in the nineteenth century. John Stuart Mill argued