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Etty Terem

colonialism is women's and gender history. A range of studies in various regions, including South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, have demonstrated the interplay between gender and policies of colonial rule, efforts at modernization, nationalist movements

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Guest Editors’ Introduction

Resisting Liberalism in Israel—the Case of Marginalized Mizrahim

Nissim Mizrachi and Menachem Mautner

because it endangers the collective boundaries that mold and secure their ‘core identity’. Shlomo Fischer’s article, “Two Patterns of Modernization: An Analysis of the Ethnic Issue in Israel,” casts historical light on the origins of the chasm between

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Chiara Bonfiglioli

, modernization, and increasing gender equality, measured according to national or ethnic units of analysis. The modernizing legacy of socialist gender politics, at the same time, is rejected as a form of “social engineering,” without acknowledging that women

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Making Friends of the Nations

Australian Interwar Magazines and Middlebrow Orientalism in the Pacific

Victoria Kuttainen and Sarah Galletly

of the 1930s, The BP Magazine (1928–1942) and MAN (1936–1974), to show how their non-fiction articles, advertising, and fiction suggested a modernizing engagement with the Pacific in both real and fantasized ways. This modernizing impulse and its

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Manufacturing a Multifunctional Countryside

Operational Landscapes, Urban Desire, and the French State, 1945–1976

Venus Bivar

in urban areas. 2 This process of postwar modernization has been well documented from the perspective of French cities. 3 Scholars Sara Pritchard and Michael Bess, however, have begun to demonstrate that the role of rural France was equally

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Anna Bara and Erika Monahan

flee the republic as desperate refugees. Cameron delivers a rigorous and moving perspective on Soviet modernization gone awry, laying out nuanced dynamics that spread the blame for this human-induced tragedy. In the famine's wake the base economy of the

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Minor Traditions, Shizen Equivocations, and Sophisticated Conjunctions

Casper Bruun Jensen and Atsuro Morita

, covers extremely variable topics, from the color of new garments to the cultivation of cotton and morning glory. It was entirely indifferent to distinctions between nature and culture. As sociology and anthropology gradually ‘modernized’ under Western

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Educating Women, Recasting Patriarchy

Becoming Modern in Colonial Morocco

Etty Terem

twentieth centuries. Scholars inspired by postcolonial theory have successfully called into question the belief that indigenous discourses of cultural revival and efforts at modernization were a simple response to European global hegemony. Recent scholarship

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The Other House

The Secondary Residence in Postwar France

Sarah Farmer

paradoxical hallmark of the radical modernization of French society that had taken place from 1945 to 1975. During these years of rapid economic expansion, dubbed “les trente glorieuses” in 1979 by sociologist Jean Fourastié, the French in both urban and rural

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Gramsci in and beyond resistances

The search for an autonomous political initiative among a subaltern group in the Beninese savanna

Riccardo Ciavolella

they try to choose between economic modernization and pastoral activities and between personal affirmation and community development. In the concluding section, I analyze the political initiatives that emerge on a local and community basis, insisting on