This article examines the evolution of the representation of Islam and Muslim cultures in textbooks in Quebec. Results indicate signicant improvements in the new secondary school history textbooks, both quantitatively (for they contain more information about pillars, key concepts, and relations with Christianity and Judaism) and qualitatively (on account of their depth of coverage, fewer negative views than in the 1980s, and fewer factual errors than in the 1990s). The positive role played by Muslim scientists in preserving old knowledge and enriching is also recognized. However, textbooks still view Islam as a religion of submission, proscriptions, and forced conversion, failing to recognize the diversity within Islam and Muslim cultures.
1980s, 1990s, and the Present Day
Béchir Oueslati, Marie McAndrew, and Denise Helly
Egor Antonov and Venera Antonova
Translator : Tatiana Argounova-Low
( Kalinina 2013: 328–329 ). This article analyzes the achievements and difficulties in the process of cadre development in Iakutiia between the 1960s and 1980s. The growth of the intelligentsia in the autonomous ethnic republics of the Russian Federation was
Between Ethnography and the Construction of Heritage
The article discusses the process of setting up an exhibition presenting the fragments of alternative creative practices in 1980s Maribor (Slovenia) in an art museum. Within an interdisciplinary approach – art historical, museological and anthropological, which is in focus here – I try to understand how such a heritage of alternative creative practices is constructed and produced. Furthermore, the question of the anthropological potentiality of exhibition-making as a method for researching certain aspects of urban practices and development is considered. During the exhibition the art museum became a collaborative place for negotiating, mediating and constructing a heritage between an imagined community of (once) alternative individuals and collectives who participated in the exhibition, the museum staff, visitors and the media. The exhibition was echoed in some other events in the city as it also addressed contemporary artistic, cultural and social issues in Maribor.
Views of Interracial Romance in French Films and Reviews since the 1980s
This article explores French attitudes about race during and after the years of the National Front's breakthrough by looking at French films and film reviews on the topic of interracial couples. In a country in which antiracists have been reluctant to legitimize the concept of race by talking about it, but in which the far Right has made gains by proclaiming its own views on race, French film-makers in the 1980s and after broached the topic in numerous films, but they often did so in ways that avoided controversy or serious reflection on current French racism. French critics of both French and American films featuring interracial couples also sidestepped the most explosive issues, revealing a disinclination to discuss a troubling and divisive concept, but also a persistent belief that racism remained an American problem and obsession.
Lam Yee Man
in the 1980s—ozone depletion—resulted in the banning of the use of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC). Risk drives change because risk, according to Ulrich Beck, is disruptive and subversive. Risk refers to “calculable uncertainties,” a problem generated by
This article examines the changes in social movements, in particular the peace movement since the late 1970s, their processes of differentiation as well as their connections to older aspects of the movements. Of particular interest is the breadth of the peace movement, which succeeded in mobilizing several hundred thousand persons at the beginning of the 1980s. How points of conflict developed between this movement and an antiwar movement led by a “new youth movement” around 1980 is the focus of this article.
Korean Immigrant Merchants in South Central Los Angeles in the 1980s
African Americans and Korean Americans simmered at the grassroots level in South Central Los Angeles before they began to be articulated after the mid-1980s. Koreatown, Downtown, and South Central Los Angeles (Map created by Youngjun Kim, Department of
The Case of Sandinismo in the 1980s
Discourse-based analysis continues to be thought of, in some quarters, in overgeneralizing terms. In this article, I emphasize that all instances of it do not share the same suppositions, and I demonstrate its purchase for a critical but nuanced revisiting of processes of national liberation and development. I present support for some of the conclusions that I advanced in an earlier study (Langley 2001), which examines post-1979 Sandinismo as a dispositif within modernity. Ultimately, I focus upon contrasting discourses of the literacy campaign that place Sandinismo in time and space as well as within a historical particularity. I consider how these discourses relate to the ways in which the most marginalized sectors of campesinos (peasants) fared in the context of the Sandinista project. The manner in which they had been ‘spoken’ about shaped and delimited how they ‘spoke’ and might have ‘spoken.’
Jonathan A. Allan, Chris Haywood, and Frank G. Karioris
1980's. The image is a reworking of the “Creation of Adam” by Michelangelo and was used as part of HIV/AIDS prevention advertising campaign. Although used in the context of HIV/AIDS prevention in the 1990’s, the image has resonance with current
Stefano Tamburini's Comic Book Work
was also in this period, from the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, that literature definitely lost its role of cultural centrality within the arts, a loss that is exemplified by two diametrically opposed novels: Umberto Eco's Il Nome della rosa