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Mark S. Micale

learning experience in which cooler heads prevailed; it taught the United States and the Soviet Union to avoid further brinksmanship. Pinker acknowledges that, by the 1980s, the nuclear “arms race” had peaked, obscenely, with some 70,000 weapons in global

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Rethinking World War I

Occupation, Liberation, and Reconstruction

George Robb and W. Brian Newsome

” of the war but also because, like propaganda posters, their visual imagery reflected long-standing tropes about civilization and barbarism. The next two articles focus on issues of gender. Since the 1980s this subject has been a major concern of World

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Katherine Weikert and Elena Woodacre

In January 2014, the University of Winchester hosted the Gender and Medieval Studies conference. Held sporadically since the late 1980s and, for the most part, annually in the last fifteen years, the conference series is dedicated to the study of

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Daniel Lord Smail

, by and large, have lost this sunny sense of optimism about the possibility of progress. As a graduate student in the late 1980s, I was taught that the first serious doubts arose in the wake of the Holocaust, as historians began to confront the horrors

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

done on the impact of violence on the screen, big and small, on children. Finally, can we ever really “feel” the pain of others? It is a question Elaine Scarry posed in the 1980s; she did not believe we could. 7 It adds an additional layer to the

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Joanna Bourke

female victim, while women overestimate how upsetting sexual aggression is to a male victim.” 60 In fact, Buss’s research was done in the 1980s, and rather than showing a universal pattern differentiating male versus female responses, it is based on a

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Amanda H. Littauer

early 1980s described growing up in Wheaton, Illinois. She recalled: “I was in love with my junior high PE teacher,” for whom “I would have run through fire,” and “also had this huge crush on my high school English teacher,” for whom “I would have done

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From Exoticism to Authenticity

Textbooks during French Colonization and the Modern Literature of Global Tourism

Claudine Moïse

antinomic to the white, civilized race. Nowadays, individualism prevails: expressing both egotism and withdrawal, inwardly looking into a narcissistic EGO, as conceived in the 1980s, 5 but also meaning “individuation” 6 and construction of the self in the