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Cues for Integration

Foreign Policy Beliefs and German Parliamentarians’ Support for European Integration

A. Burcu Bayram

“Which political party do you belong?” Response options include Christian Democratic Union ( cdu ), Social Democratic Party ( spd ), Free Democratic Party ( fdp ), Green Party (Alliance 90/The Greens), and Left Party (the Left). Scholars have showed

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Clay Clemens

Germany, such party affiliations had never been deep, making for an even more fickle cdu constituency. At the federal and Land levels, the cdu could no longer count on majorities with just the smaller center-right, free market-oriented Free Democratic

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This Was the One for Me

AfD Women's Origin Stories

Christina Xydias

's analysis of the 2013 federal elections—in which a large proportion of federal legislators retired and the Free Democratic Party ( fdp ) lost all of their seats in the Bundestag—shows persistent patterns. 29 Members of the Bundestag are typically better

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Unpacking Gender Images across Angela Merkel’s Four Campaigns for the Chancellorship, 2005–2017

Joyce Marie Mushaben

ended Germany’s thirty-year characterization as a “two-and-a-half” party system— cdu / csu , spd , and the Free Democratic Party ( fdp ). Unification saw the addition of the Party for Democratic Socialism ( pds ), which later merged with western

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The Alternative for Germany from Breakthrough toward Consolidation?

A Comparative Perspective on Its Organizational Development

E. Gene Frankland

( cdu / csu ) and the center-left Social Democratic Party ( spd )—with the small liberal Free Democratic Party ( fdp ) available as the “hinge” party. 1 During the 1980s and 1990s, the party system became more pluralistic without becoming unstable. The

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Symbol of Reconciliation and Far-Right Stronghold?

PEGIDA, AfD, and Memory Culture in Dresden

Susanne Vees-Gulani

has also challenged the cdu' s hands-off approach to the pegida and AfD developments in Saxony and Dresden. There, the Free Democratic Party ( fdp ) and cdu breached their national parties’ maxim by voting with the AfD to block the Left Party

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Cause or Consequence?

The Alternative for Germany and Attitudes toward Migration Policy

Hannah M. Alarian

dam has burst.” 49 And although the resignation of the AfD-supported Thomas Kemmerich of the Free Democratic Party ( fdp) may give some hope the breach is closed, others caution restraint as the “water is still on the wrong side.” 50 The findings

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Pulling up the Drawbridge

Anti-Immigrant Attitudes and Support for the Alternative for Germany among Russian-Germans

Michael A. Hansen and Jonathan Olsen

, the Free Democratic Party ( fdp ), the AfD, and “other” to represent minor party selections. The dependent variable represents a nominal level variable that cannot be ordered in any meaningful way. Therefore, we utilize multivariate multinomial

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Johanna Schuster-Craig

neighborhoods, friendship circles, community organizations, and some elements of civic life, such as volunteering). 58 As early as 1972, Hans-Dietrich Genscher of the liberal Free Democratic Party ( fdp ), then the foreign minister under Chancellor Willy

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Hermann Kurthen

were members of the conservative Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union ( cdu / csu ), and six were members of the liberal Free Democratic Party ( fdp ). The other participants belonged to the opposition parties at the time: 11 were Social