In 2006 a terrible fight pitted two steel makers, Mittal and Arcelor, against each other. Understanding the dynamic of this enormous takeover requires a historical perspective. The structure, business strategy, and corporate governance of these groups evolved over a long period of time. This article explores the conflict in the context of the history of French steel industry. An examination of Usinor, moreover, as the ancestor and creator of Arcelor, can reveal a lot about the political, social and economical influence of steel makers in French society. Understanding the conflict also calls for an analysis of how a large company could change its corporate culture. Instead of reducing corporate culture to individual or collective “values,” as Edgar Schein did some time ago, this article explores Usinor's culture as a system of representations, material elements, technologies, products and ways of doing and thinking.
French Colonial Sailors and Technological Knowledge in the Union Française
In the 1950s, French shipping companies began to replace their old fleet of steamships with new diesel ships. They also began to lay off sailors from French Africa, claiming that the changing technology rendered their labor obsolete. The industry asserted that African sailors did not have the aptitude to do other, more skilled jobs aboard diesel vessels. But unemployed colonial sailors argued differently, claiming that they were both able and skilled. This article explores how unemployed sailors from French Africa cast themselves as experts, capable of producing technological knowledge about shipping. In so doing, they shaped racialized and gendered notions about labor and skill within the French empire. The arguments they made were inconvenient, I argue, because colonial sailors called into question hegemonic ideas about who could be modern and who had the right to participate in discourse about expertise.
Owen White and Elizabeth Heath
turn fall under the rubric of the history of capitalism, sometimes with an avowedly global field of vision. 7 Others have explicitly addressed globalization and empire and, particularly, how new technologies and flows of people and goods reshaped
, the technology to be employed, etc., not those whose well-being are most immediately affected by these decisions. Under capitalism, citizens have little democratic control over the deployment of its economic surplus, i.e., its investment priorities
turnout. Inspired by the work of Gerber and Green, and by the success of Obama’s first presidential campaign, which they witnessed in Boston as graduate students, Guillaume Liégey, Arthur Muller, and Vincent Pons created their own campaign technology
Camille Robcis and Benjamin Poole
portrays as vectors of “liberal revival” (156)—were also at the forefront of the battle against same-sex unions, reproductive technologies, and later gay marriage in articles featuring extremely violent homophobic language. 2 Some of this conceptual
Kyle Michael James Shuttleworth and Nik Farrell Fox
range of essays within the book shows just how much this influence has spread, incorporating studies of technology, psychiatry, literature, philosophy, international relations and quantum science, all refracted through the qualitative lens of Christina
While periodicals with illustrations had existed prior to the 1830s, the letter-press used for text until the advent of photographic technology could not be combined with the etching, engraving, or lithography that produced images. Pictures had to
de nostalgie pour le dix-neuvième siècle où, selon lui, les écrivains seraient à l’abri de la pression des technologies de la communication. Elizabeth Emery montre combien ce discours est à la fois inexact et construit. Développant quant à elle la
The 1979 Vincennes Conference on Neoliberalism
Michael C. Behrent
the name of reassuring order.” 55 A significant factor in the emergence of an increasingly sophisticated security apparatus (which participants discussed at length) was computer technology. French consciousness of the imminent “computer revolution