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An Inconvenient Expertise

French Colonial Sailors and Technological Knowledge in the Union Française

Minayo Nasiali

In the 1950s, French shipping companies began to replace their old fleet of steamships with new diesel ships. They also began to lay off sailors from French Africa, claiming that the changing technology rendered their labor obsolete. The industry asserted that African sailors did not have the aptitude to do other, more skilled jobs aboard diesel vessels. But unemployed colonial sailors argued differently, claiming that they were both able and skilled. This article explores how unemployed sailors from French Africa cast themselves as experts, capable of producing technological knowledge about shipping. In so doing, they shaped racialized and gendered notions about labor and skill within the French empire. The arguments they made were inconvenient, I argue, because colonial sailors called into question hegemonic ideas about who could be modern and who had the right to participate in discourse about expertise.

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La naissance d'un géant

Arcelor-Mittal (1948-2006)

Éric Godelier

In 2006 a terrible fight pitted two steel makers, Mittal and Arcelor, against each other. Understanding the dynamic of this enormous takeover requires a historical perspective. The structure, business strategy, and corporate governance of these groups evolved over a long period of time. This article explores the conflict in the context of the history of French steel industry. An examination of Usinor, moreover, as the ancestor and creator of Arcelor, can reveal a lot about the political, social and economical influence of steel makers in French society. Understanding the conflict also calls for an analysis of how a large company could change its corporate culture. Instead of reducing corporate culture to individual or collective “values,” as Edgar Schein did some time ago, this article explores Usinor's culture as a system of representations, material elements, technologies, products and ways of doing and thinking.

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Owen White and Elizabeth Heath

turn fall under the rubric of the history of capitalism, sometimes with an avowedly global field of vision. 7 Others have explicitly addressed globalization and empire and, particularly, how new technologies and flows of people and goods reshaped

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Frédéric Viguier

turnout. Inspired by the work of Gerber and Green, and by the success of Obama’s first presidential campaign, which they witnessed in Boston as graduate students, Guillaume Liégey, Arthur Muller, and Vincent Pons created their own campaign technology

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Camille Robcis and Benjamin Poole

portrays as vectors of “liberal revival” (156)—were also at the forefront of the battle against same-sex unions, reproductive technologies, and later gay marriage in articles featuring extremely violent homophobic language. 2 Some of this conceptual

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Patricia Mainardi

While periodicals with illustrations had existed prior to the 1830s, the letter-press used for text until the advent of photographic technology could not be combined with the etching, engraving, or lithography that produced images. Pictures had to

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Marie-Ève Thérenty

de nostalgie pour le dix-neuvième siècle où, selon lui, les écrivains seraient à l’abri de la pression des technologies de la communication. Elizabeth Emery montre combien ce discours est à la fois inexact et construit. Développant quant à elle la

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The Origins of the Anti-Liberal Left

The 1979 Vincennes Conference on Neoliberalism

Michael C. Behrent

the name of reassuring order.” 55 A significant factor in the emergence of an increasingly sophisticated security apparatus (which participants discussed at length) was computer technology. French consciousness of the imminent “computer revolution

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Administering Vaccination in Interwar Algeria

Medical Auxiliaries, Smallpox, and the Colonial State in the Communes mixtes

Hannah-Louise Clark

the skin, followed by examination of the vaccination site for signs that the vaccination had “taken” a week or so later. 16 This meant that vaccination relied on paper technologies as well as medical technique, since some kind of written record was

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Manufacturing a Multifunctional Countryside

Operational Landscapes, Urban Desire, and the French State, 1945–1976

Venus Bivar

continuity and stability. As Sarah Farmer has argued, rural France “appealed to city dwellers who feared that increased urbanization, the rise of mass consumption and growing dependence on technology was cutting them off from nature.” 27 Memoirs about rural